Ashley Parker, PhD

Kim Carpenter
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Ashley is as a Principal Investigator, Project Manager, Tribal Coordinator, and Ethnographer. She joined Far Western in 2018, and has been working as an archaeologist and ethnographer in the Great Basin since 2007. She has worked in academic, governmental, and CRM settings throughout Utah, Nevada, and Northern California.

She received her M.S. in 2011 and her Ph.D. in 2018 from the University of Utah, with a research emphasis exploring how ecological variation influences resource privatization and territorial land claims among hunter-gatherers. Her current research focuses on contemporary pine nut harvest rates in Nevada, hunter-gatherer fire use as landscape modification practice, and how archaeological and ethnographic data can be utilized in contemporary indigenous land claims.

She has employed a variety of ethnographic methods in Nevada, California, and East Africa, that includes interviews (structured and semi-structured), participant observation, recording oral histories, and conducting archival and genealogical research. She has worked as an ethnographer for non-governmental organizations, state and federal agencies, and directly with tribal governments.

Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Ashley’s Featured Projects

  • NAS Fallon Archaeological Reconnaissance Survey and Evaluations of Traditional Cultural Properties
  • NAS Fallon Ethnographic Study
  • Stillwater Traditional Cultural Properties Evaluation
  • LNC Thacker Data Recovery
  • Historic Properties Treatment Plan for the Tule River Spillway Enlargement Project
  • Bedrock Milling Features Context and Research Design for California Department of Transportation


Ashley’s Featured Publications

Parker, A.K., C.H. Parker, and B.F. Codding


When To Defend? Optimal Territoriality Across the Numic Homeland. Quaternary International 518:3-10. DOI:

Codding,B.F., A.K. Parker, and T.L. Jones


Territorial Behavior Among Western North American Foragers: Allee Effects Influence Within Group Cooperation and Between Group Conflict. Quaternary International, 518:31-40. DOI:

Magargal, K. E., A. K. Parker, K. B. Vernon, W. Rath, and B. F. Codding


The Ecology of Population Dispersal: Modeling Alternative Basin-Plateau Foraging Strategies to Explain the Numic Expansion. American Journal of Human Biology, 29(4), e23000.

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