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William R. Hildebrandt, PhD

William Hildebrandt, Far Western Anthropological Group
Bill Hildebrandt
Email Bill

Dr. Hildebrandt’s archaeological research focuses on hunter-gatherer adaptations in California, Oregon, and the Great Basin. Bill is also a leader in the field of cultural resources management, and he has helped many government agencies preserve and better understand important archaeological sites under their management. His research is published in a variety of peer-reviewed journals and he has authored numerous monographs and book chapters published by the Smithsonian, American Museum of Natural History, UC Berkeley, UC Davis, UC Los Angeles, University of Utah, and the Nevada State Museum. He is currently working on the evolution of prehistoric hunting patterns in California and the Great Basin, applying modern approaches of human behavioral ecology to this research effort.

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Bill’s Featured Projects

Bill’s Featured Publications

Jones T.L., D.A. Jones, K.W. Gobalet, J.F. Porcasi, and W.R. Hildebrandt

2017

The Morro Bay Fauna: Evidence for a Medieval Droughts Refugium on the Central California Coast. American Antiquity 82 (2):203-222.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2016

Large Game Hunting in the American West: A comment on Fisher’s (2015) Reassessment of the Ascendance of Hunting Debate. American Antiquity 81 (4):764-765.

Hildebrandt, W., K. McGuire, J. King, A. Ruby, and D.C. Young

2016

Prehistory of Nevada’s Northern Tier: Archaeological Investigations along the Ruby Pipeline. American Museum of Natural History Anthropological Papers, Number 101.

Bill’s Outreach Activities

  • Founding Member, Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc.
  • Editor of the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 2013-2017
  • President, Society for California Archaeology 2018-2019
  • Research Associate, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis
  • Research Associate, Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History.

 

Kimberley Carpenter, MA

Kim Carpenter

Kim Carpenter (1967–2019)

 

 

Kim was the heart of Far Western and we will always be guided by her leadership, patience and compassion.

Kim started her career as a student and field archaeologist in southern California. After completing her undergraduate work at CSU Long Beach in 1992, she moved north, working on archaeological projects throughout northern California and the Great Basin while completing her Master’s Degree at CSU Chico. She started with Far Western as a field technician on the Tuscarora Pipeline Project in 1994, joining Far Western full time in 1998 as a project manager. The results of her research have been published by the Smithsonian Institution Press, American Antiquity, and the Nevada State Museum. She served as Vice President of the company from 2004-2015, taking over as President in 2015. She will be remembered as an exceptional scholar, businesswoman, friend, mother, and mentor.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Kim’s Featured Publications

McGuire, Kelly R., Kimberley L. Carpenter, and Jeffery S. Rosenthal

2012

Great Basin Hunters of the Sierra Nevada. In Meeting at the margins: Prehistoric Cultural Interactions in the Intermountain West, edited by Dave Rhode, pp. 124-141. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2012

Economic Foraging at a Distance is Not a Question of If but When: A Response to Grimstead. American Antiquity. 77(1):160-167.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kimberley Carpenter

2011

Native Hunting Adaptations in California: Changing Patterns of Resource Use from the Early Holocene to European Contact. In Indigenous Subsistence Economies of North America, edited by Bruce Smith, pp. 131-146. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington, DC.

About Archaeology

What is archaeology?

Archaeology is the study of human history through the physical remains of the past. In the western United States, archaeology focuses on the history of Native American groups who have lived here for thousands of years and on early non-Native explorers, traders, miners, and settlers who arrived only 200 to 300 years ago. All people and cultures have left behind traces of their lives: stone tools, rock art, cooking vessels, and house foundations. By carefully studying artifacts and features scattered across the land, and by consulting with living descendants, archaeologists try to answer questions about past human behavior and to preserve the remnants of traditional and historical ways of life for all to remember and enjoy.

You might be surprised to learn that archaeologists are at work every day throughout the United States. Thanks to our country’s commitment to our environment and our national heritage, we have laws to protect archaeological sites and artifacts on all public lands. Since Far Western’s founding in 1979, we have worked with state, federal and local agencies, Native American tribes, and private companies to meet the requirements of these laws, and at the same time to provide important historical, cultural, and scientific information to other scholars and to the public.

Learn more about archaeology by visiting our Public Outreach and Interpretation projects, viewing our Featured Projects, or watching some of our videos below.

Looking for Pieces of the PuzzleLooking for Pieces of the Puzzle is a seven-minute video of archaeologists at work along State Route 49, in the Sierra Nevada foothills of western Tuolumne County, California.

UC Davis Project to Honor Native AmericansUC Davis contracted with Far Western to prepare a plan to honor Native Americans, particularly the local Patwin people. Far Western designed 11 installations on the university campus. The largest is a contemplative garden in the UC Davis Arboretum.

UC Davis Project to Honor Native AmericansBreaking New Ground is a video by Phil Gross. Produced by Kelly McGuire, the 32-minute film is about Native American participation in archaeological projects. The film has been sent to more than 250 native tribes and as many agency archaeologists.

Selected Citations

Far Western’s commitment to scientific research and outreach can be seen in a number of works. Below is a sample of Far Western’s numerous contributions to the field of archaeology, including: books; chapters; online publications; theses and dissertations; and a wide variety of regional, national, and international journals.

20192018201720162015201420132012201120102009200820072006 and prior

Hildebrandt, William R., Phil Kaijankoski, and Allika Ruby

2019

Middle Holocene Resource Intensification along the Southern California Coast: A View from Goleta Slough. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Contributions in Anthropology.

Moratto, Michael J., Jack Meyer, Shelly Davis-King, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Laurie Sylwester

2019

Further Thoughts on the Age of the Sylwester Clovis Point: A Response to Haynes. PaleoAmerica 4(4):264-266.

Schmitt, Dave N., Karen D. Lupo, Jean-Paul Ndanga, D. Craig Young, Christopher A. Kiahtipes, Guy T. Amaye and Lucien P. Nguerede

2019

An elusive record further exposed: additional excavations and chronometric data on human settlement in the northern Congo Basin rain forest, southern Central African Republic. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 54(1):55-74.

 

Hyde, David G.

In Press

Historical Anthropology of “San Francisco Sourdough:” A Technological Perspective. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers, University of California, Berkeley

Llano, Carina and Andrew Ugan

In Press

Alternative interpretations of intermediate and positive δ13C isotope signals in prehistoric human remains from southern Mendoza, Argentina: the role of CAM species consumption. Current Anthropology.

Byrd, Brian F., Shannon DeArmond, and Laurel Engbring

2018

Re-visualizing Indigenous Persistence during Colonization from the Perspective of Traditional Settlements in the San Francisco Bay-Delta Area. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 38(2): 163–190.

Eerkens, Jelmer, Shannon Tushingham; Korey J Brownstein; Ramona Garibay; Katherine Perez; Engel Murga; Philip Kaijankoski; Jeffrey S Rosenthal and David R Gang

2018

Dental Calculus as a Source of Ancient Alkaloids: Detection of Nicotine by LC-MS in Calculus Samples from the Americas. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 18:509-515.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Ruth V. Nichols, Katherine Perez, Engel Murga, Philip Kaijankoski, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Laurel Engbring, and Beth Shapiro

2018

Next Generation Sequencing of Neisseria meningitidis from Dental Calculus: A Probable Case of Meningococcal Disease in a Prehistoric Native Californian Burial from San Francisco Bay. Journal of Paleopathology, Vol. 22:173-180.

Fitzgerald, Richard, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Jelmer Eerkens, Dave Nicholson, and Howard J. Spero

2018

The Distribution of Olivella Grooved Rectangle Beads in the Far West. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 38(2):241-252.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, D. Craig Young, Kaely Colligan, and Laura Harold

2018

At the Vanishing Point: Environment and Prehistoric Land Use in the Black Rock Desert. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of National History, No. 103. New York City, New York.

Moratto, Michael J., Alan P. Garfinkel, Jon Erlandson, Alexander K. Rogers, Michael F. Rondeau, Jeffrey Rosenthal, Craig Skinner, Tim Carpenter, and Robert M. Yohe

2018

Environmental diversity and stable isotope variation in faunas: implications for human diet reconstruction in Argentine mid-latitude deserts.  Journal of Archaeological Science.

Rogers, A. K., and D. Duke

2018

An Innovative Method for Computing the Hydration Rate for the Browns Bench Obsidian Source. International Association for Obsidian Studies Bulletin 60:24-29.

Scheib, C. L., Hongjie Li, Tariq Desai, Vivian Link, Christopher Kendall, Genevieve Dewar, Peter William Griffith, Alexander Mörseburg, John R. Johnson, Amiee Potter, Susan L. Kerr, Phillip Endicott, John Lindo, Marc Haber, Yali Xue, Chris Tyler-Smith, Manjinder S. Sandhu, Joseph G. Lorenz, Tori D. Randall, Zuzana Faltyskova, Luca Pagani, Petr Danecek, Tamsin C. O’Connell, Patricia Martz, Alan S. Boraas, Brian F. Byrd, Alan Leventhal, Rosemary Cambra, Ronald Williamson, Louis Lesage, Brian Holguin, Ernestine Ygnacio-De Soto, JohnTommy Rosas, Mait Metspalu, Jay T. Stock, Andrea Manica, Aylwyn Scally, Daniel Wegmann, Ripan S. Malhi, Toomas Kivisild

2018

Ancient human parallel lineages within North America contributed to a coastal expansion. Science 360(6392): 1024-1027.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Paul Brandy

2018

Social Boundaries, Territoriality, and the Cultural Ecology of Artiodactyl Hunting in Prehistoric Central California. Quaternary International

 

 

Adolfo F. Gil, Lumila P. Menéndez, Juan P. Atencio, Eva A. Peralta, Gustavo A. Neme y Andrew Ugan

2017

Estrategias humanas, estabilidad, y cambio en la frontera agrícola sur americana.  Latin American Antiquity.

Byrd, Brian F. and Andrew N. Garrad

2017

The Upper and Epipaleolithic of the Azraq Basin Jordan. In Quaternary of the Levant: Environments, Climate Change and Humans, edited by Yehouda Enzel and Ofer Bar-Yosef, pp. 66-677. Cambridge University Press.

Giampoudakis, Konstantinos, Katherine A. Marske, Michael K. Borregaard, Andrew Ugan, Joy S. Singarayer, Paul J. Valdes, Carsten Rahbek, and David Nogués-Bravo

2017

Niche dynamics of Paleolithic modern humans during the settlement of the Palaearctic.  Global Ecology and Biogeography 26(3): 359-370.

Jones, T.L., D.A. Jones, K.W. Gobalet, J.F. Porcasi, and W.R. Hildebrandt

2017

The Morro Bay Fauna: Evidence for a Medieval Droughts Refugium on the Central California Coast. American Antiquity 82(2):203-222. 

McGuire, Kelly R., and Nathan Stevens

2017

The Potential Role of Geophytes, Digging Sticks, and Formed Flake Tools in the Western North American Paleoarchaic Expansion. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology  37(1):3-21.

McGuire, Kelly, and William Hildebrandt

2017

Style, identity, and resource competition on the border: The incised stones of the Sacramento River Canyon. Quaternary International, Quaternary International.

Moratto, Michael J., Owen K. Davis, Shelly Davis-King, Jack Meyer, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Laurie Sylwester

2017

A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California. PaleoAmerica, 3(3):260-275.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., Jack Meyer, Manuel R. Palacios-Fest, D. Craig Young, Andrew Ugan, Brian F. Byrd, Ken Gobalet, and Jason Giacomo

2017

Paleohydrology of China Lake Basin and the Context of Early Human Occupation in the Northwestern Mojave Desert, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews 167:112-139.

Stevens, Nathan,  Adrian Whitaker, and Jeffrey Rosenthal

2017

Bedrock Mortars as Indicators of Territorial Behavior in the Sierra Nevada. Quaternary International (published online December 2017).

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Paul Brandy

2017

Social Boundaries, Territoriality, and the Cultural Ecology of Artiodactyl Hunting in Prehistoric Central California. Quaternary International (published online December 2017).

Young, D.C. and W.R. Hildebrandt 

2017

Tufa Village (Nevada): Placing the Fort Sage Drift Fence in a Larger Archaeological Context. American Museum of Natural History Anthropological Papers, Number 102.

 

Byrd, Brian F. and Jeffrey Rosenthal

2016

Celebrating the Dead and Recrafting Social Identity: Placing Prehistoric Mortuary Practices in Broader Social Context. Chapter 11 In Archaeological Variability and Interpretation in Global Perspective edited by Alan R. Sullivan III and Debroah I. Olszewski pp.233-266. University Press of Colorado.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Eric Bartelink, Richard Fitzgerald, Laura Brink, Ramona Garibay, Gina Jorgenseon, and Randy Wiberg

2016

Trophy Heads or Ancestor Veneration? A Stable Isotope Perspective on Disassociated and Modified Crania in Pre-Contact Central California. American Antiquity 81(1):114-131.

Hildebrandt, William R., Kelly R. McGuire, Jerome King, Allika Ruby, and D. Craig Young

2016

Prehistory of Nevada’s Northern Tier: Archaeological Investigations along the Ruby Pipeline Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, No. 101.

Byerly, Ryan, and Joanna Roberson

2015

Late Pleistocene to Middle Holocene Archaeology in the Mojave Desert: Recent Discoveries in Twentynine Palms, California. PaleoAmerica 1(2):197-201.

Byerly, Ryan, Joanna Roberson, and Charles P. Egeland

2015

The Coffin Bison Kill (5JA7): Bridging Perspectives on the Past at the Door to North Park, Colorado. North American Archaeologist 36:266-288.

Byrd, Brian F., and Adrian R. Whitaker

2015

Prehistoric Settlement Trends on San Clemente and San Nicolas Islands, Alta California. California Archaeology 7(1):1-32.

Byrd, Brian F., Andrew Garrard, and Paul Brandy

2015

Modeling Foraging Ranges and Spatial Organization of Late Pleistocene Hunter-gatherers in the Southern Levant—A Least-cost GIS Approach. Quaternary International.

Colligan, Kaely R., Adrian R. Whitaker, William R. Hildebrandt

2015

Where the Pavement Ends: An Assessment of the Near Absence of Haliotis refescens in the Archaeological Record on Alta California’s North Coast. California Archaeology 7(1):33-57.

Duke, Daron

2015

Haskett Spear Weaponry and Protein-Residue Evidence of Proboscidean Hunting in the Great Salt Lake Desert, Utah. PaleoAmerica 1(1):109-112.

Johnson, Lisa M., James Crandall, and Lucas R. Martindale Johnson

2015

From Vision to Cosmovision: Memory and the Senses in the Creation of Maya Ritual Space. Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 31(1):73–82

Lupo, Karen D., Dave N. Schmitt, Christopher A. Kiatipes, Jean-Paul Ndanga, D. Craig Young, and Bernard Smiti

2015

On Intensive Late Holocene Iron Mining and Production in the Northern Congo Basin and the Environmental Consequences Associated with Metallurgy in Central Africa. PLoS ONE 10(7):e0132632; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132632

Madsen, David B., Charles G. Oviatt, D. Craig Young, and David Page

2015

Old River Bed Delta Geomorphology and Chronology. In Anthropological Papers Number 128, edied by David B. Madsen, Dave N. Schmitt, and David Page, pp. 30-60. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Marino, Marc D., Lucas R. Martindale Johnson, and Nathan J. Meissner

2015

Chapter 13: Postclassic Tool Production at Santa Rita Corozal: Implications for Domestic Craft Production and Regional Exchange of Flaked Stone. In Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay, edited by Debra S. Walker. University of Florida Press, Gainsville, Florida.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R., Maureen Carpenter, Arlen F. Chase, and Diane Z. Chase

2015

Articulating with the Broader Economy: Chert Pressure Blade Technology in Caracol Residential Group. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 12:77–87.

Byrd, Brian F. (with a contribution by David S. Reese)

2014

The Late Pleistocene Occupation of Madamagh Rockshelter, Southern Jordan: New Data and Perspectives on an Old Excavation. In Settlement, Survey and Stone: Essays on Near Eastern Prehistory in Honour of Gary Rollefson, pp. 37-52, edited by B. Finlayson and C. Makarewicz. Berlin, ex oriente.

Codding, Brian, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Doug Bird

2014

Global Patterns in the Exploitation of Shellfish. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):145-149.

Duke, Daron, and Jerome H. King

2014

A GIS Model for Predicting Wetland Habitat in the Great Basin at the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition and Implications for Paleoindian Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:276-291.

Egeland, Charles P., Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Christopher M. Nicholson, A. Petrosyan, R. Ghukasyan, and Ryan Byerly

2014

Reconnaissance Survey for Paleolithic Sites in the Debed River Valley, Northern Armenia. Journal of Field Archaeology 39(4):370-386.

Hockett, Bryan S., William R. Hildebrandt, and Jerome H. King

2014

Identifying Dart and Arrow Points in the Great Basin: Comment on Smith et al.’s “Points in Time: Direct Radiocarbon Dates on Great Basin Projectile Points.” American Antiquity 79:561-565.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R.

2014

Standardized Lithic Technology and Crafting at the “Gateway Group” from Caracol, Belize: Implications for Maya Household Archaeology. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 11:91–87.

Rogers, Alexander K., and Daron Duke

2014

Unreliability of the Induced Obsidian Hydration Method with Abbreviated Hot-soak Protocols. Journal of Archaeological Science  52:428-435.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2014

Social Circumscription, Territoriality, and the Late Holocene Intensification of Small-Bodied Shellfish along the California Coast. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):150-168.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey R. Rosenthal, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2014

The Holocene Biogeography of Gray Pine (Pinus sabiniana Dougl.) in California. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23(6):683-692.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Shannon Tushingham

2014

A Quantitative Assessment of Ethnographically Identified Activity Areas at the Point Saint George Site (CA-DNO-11) and the Validity of Ethnographic Analogy. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 34(1):1-15.

Byrd, Brian F., A. Cornellas, Jelmer W. Eerkens, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Timothy R. Carpenter, A. Leventhal, and J. A. Leonard

2013

The Role of Canids in Ritual and Domestic Contexts: New Ancient DNA Insights from Complex Hunter-Gatherer Sites in Prehistoric Central California. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2176-2189.

Duke, Daron

2013

The Exploded Fine-Grained Volcanic Sources of the Desert West and the Primacy of Tool Function in Material Selection. In George H. Odell Memorial Issue, North American Archaeologist 34(4):323-354.

Garrard, Andrew N, and Brian F. Byrd

2013

Beyond the Fertile Crescent: Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic Communities of the Jordaniean Steppe. The Axraq Basin Project Volume I: Project Background and the Late Palaeolithic (Geological Context and Technology). Council for the British Research in the Levant Supplemental Series Vol. 13. Oxbox Books, Oxford.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Brian F. Byrd, Anna Fritschi, and Howard J. Spero

2013

Settlement Pattern and Site Seasonality Reconstruction at Two Late Holocene Shell Middens on San Francisco Bay. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2014-2024.

Hockett, Bryan S., C. Cliff Creger, Beth Smith, D. Craig Young, James A. Carter, Eric Dillingham, Rachel Crews, and Evan Pellegrini

2013

Large-scale Trapping Features from the Great Basin, USA: The Significance of Leadership and Communal Gatherings in Ancient Foraging Societies. Quaternary International 297:64-78.

Mikkelsen, Patricia

2013

Temporal Components. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 27:149-161.

Whelan, Carly, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2013

Hunter-Gatherer Storage, Settlement, and the Opportunity Costs of Women’s Foraging. American Antiquity 78:662-678.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Jerome H. King

2012

Distinguishing Between Darts and Arrows in the Archaeological Record: Implications for Technological Change in the American West. American Antiquity 77:789-799.

Whittaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2012

Boat-Based Foraging and Discontinuous Prehistoric Red Abalone Exploitation along the California Coast. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 31:196-214.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2012

Economic Foraging at a Distance Is Not a Question of If but When: A Response to Grimstead. American Antiquity 77:160-167.

Egeland, Charles. P., Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Ryan M. Byerly, Christopher M. Nicholson, and Diana Zardayan

2011

Multiperiod Archaeological Reconnaissance in the Debed River Valley, North-Eastern Armenia. Antiquity 85(329).

Waechter, Sharon A., and Tammara Ekness Norton

2011

Looking for Pieces of the Puzzle. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California.

Byrd, Brian F.

2010

Public and Private, Domestic and Corporate: The Emergence of the Southwest Asian Village. The Archaeology of Tribal Social Formations: Selections from American Antiquity, edited by Michelle Hegmon, pp. 109-136.

Byrd, Brian F., D. Craig Young, and Kelly R. McGuire

2010

Pavement Quarries, Gypsum Period Residential Stability, and Trans-Holocene Settlement Systems of the Mojave Desert: A Case Study at Fort Irwin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 29(2):121-144.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Nathan E. Stevens, Amanda Cannon, Eric L. Brown, and Howard J. Spero

2010

Stable Isotope Analysis of Olivella Shell Beads from the Los Angeles Basin and San Nicholas Island. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5:105-119.

Hildebrandt, William R., Kelly R. McGuire, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2010

Human Behavioral Ecology and Historical Contingency: A Comment on the Diablo Canyon Archaeological Record. American Antiquity 75:679-688.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2010

Prehistoric Behavioral Depression of Cormorant (Phalacrocorax spp.) on the Northern California Coast. Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2562-2571.

2010

Review of California Maritime Archaeology: A San Clemente Island Perspective, L. Mark, Raab, Jim Cassidy, Andrew Yatsko, and William J. Howard. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5:294-295.

Byrd, Brian F., D. Craig Young, and Kelly R. McGuire

2009

Pavement Quarries, Gypsum Period Residential Stability, and Trans-Holocene Settlement Systems of the Mojave Desert: A Case Study at Fort Irwin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 29(2):121-143.

Byrn, Stephen, and Brian F. Byrd

2009

Mound Occupation in the South San Francisco Bay Area: The Yñigo Mound in Historical Context. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 1:82-88.

Eliyahu-Behar, Adi, Lior Regev, Sana Shilstein, Steve Weiner, Yiftah Shalev, Ilan Sharon, and John E. Berg

2009

Identifying a Roman Casting Pit at Tel Dor, Israel: Integrating Field and Laboratory Research. Journal of Field Archaeology 34(2):135-151.

Gilreath, Amy J.

2009

Gypsum Cave Revisited. Mini-report in In Situ 13(1). Newsletter of the Nevada Archaeological Association.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2009

Review of California Indians and Their Environment: An Introduction, Kent G. Lightfoot and Otis Parrish. California Archaeology 1(2):293-295.

Hildebrandt, William R., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Glenn Gmoser

2009

Shellfish Transport, Caloric Return Rates, and Prehistoric Feasting on the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Alta California. California Archaeology 1:55-78.

Montero, Carie S., and Jerome King

2009

TEA GIS Database. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 22.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey, and Jack Meyer

2009

TEA Geoarchaeological Study–the Potential for Buried Archaeological Sites in Central California Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 22.

Stevens, Nathan E., Jelmer W. Eerkens, Richard Fitzgerald, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Joanne E. Goodsell, and Jamie Doty

2009

Workaday Windmiller: Another Look at Early Horizon Lifeways in Central California Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 23.

Tankersley, Kenneth B., Brian Lane, Dean J. Wells, Christine Hamburg, and Andras Nagy

2009

Last Glacial Maximum Fauna from Great Saltpeter Cave, Kentucky. In Paleoenvironments: Vertebrates and Invertebrates. Current Research in the Pleistocene 26:177-180.

Waechter, Sharon A., and William W. Bloomer

2009

Tahoe Reach Revisited: The Latest Pleistocene/Early Holocene in the Tahoe Sierra. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 23.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2009

Are Deer Really Susceptible to Resource Depression? Modeling Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Populations under Human Predation. California Archaeology 1:93-108.

Gilreath, Amy J., and William R. Hildebrandt

2008

Coso Rock Art within its Archaeological Context. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 28(1):1-22.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2008

Review of Foragers of the Terminal Pleistocene in North America, edited by Renee B. Walker and Boyce N. Driskell. Journal of Field Archaeology 33:243-246.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2008

Incipient Aquaculture in Prehistoric California?: Long-Term Productivity and Sustainability vs. Immediate Returns for the Harvest of Marine Invertebrates. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4):1124-1123.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jelmer E. Eerkens, Amy M. Spurling, Eddie D. Smith, Michelle A. Degras

2008

Linguistic Boundaries as Barriers to Exchange in Northwestern California. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4):1104-1113.

Berna, Francesco, Adi Behar, Ruth Shahack-Gross, John E. Berg, Elisabetta Boaretto, Ayelet Gilboa, Ilan Sharon, Yiftah Shalev, Sariel Shilstein, Naama Yahalom-Mack, Jeffrey R. Zorn, and Steve Weiner

2007

Sediments Exposed to High Temperatures: Reconstructing Pyrotechnological Processes in Late Bronze and Iron Age Strata at Tel Dor (Israel). Journal of Archaeological Science 34(3):358-373.

Byerly, Ryan M.

2007

Paleopathology in Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Central Plains Bison: Dental Enamel Hypoplasia, Fluoride Toxicosis and the Archaeological Record. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(11):1847-1858.

Byerly, Ryan M., Judith R. Cooper, David J. Meltzer, Matthew E. Hill, and Jason M. LaBelle

2007

A Further Assessment of Paleoindian Site-Use at Bonfire Shelter. American Antiquity 72(7):373-381.

Duke, Daron, Timothy R. Carpenter, and David Page

2007

New Obsidian Hydration Findings Suggest the Use of Split-Stem Points by Great Basin Paleoindians. Current Research in the Pleistocene 24:80-82.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jeffrey R. Ferguson, Michael D. Glascock, Craig E. Skinner, and Sharon A. Waechter

2007

Reduction Strategies and Geochemical Characterization of Lithic Assemblages: A Comparison of Three Case Studies from Western North America. American Antiquity 72(3):585-597.

Eerkens, Jelmer, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, D. Craig Young, and Jerome H. King

2007

Early Holocene Landscape Archaeology in the Coso Basin, Northwestern Mojave Desert, California. North American Archaeologist 28(2):87-112.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2007

California Archaeology: Alive and Well. A Review of California Prehistory: Colonization, Culture, and Complexity, edited by Terry L. Jones and Kathryn A. Klar. American Antiquity 72(2):382-388.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2007

Costly Signaling and the Ascendance of No-Can-Do Archaeology: A Reply to Codding and Jones. American Antiquity 72(2):358-365.

Byrd, Brian F., and Stan Berryman

2006

Approaching Prehistory in the Future on MCB Camp Pendleton, Southern California. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:229-232.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2006

Prehistoric Pinyon Exploitation in the Southwest Great Basin: A View from the Coso Range. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 26(1):11-32.

Joslin, Terry L., Laura Leach-Palm, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2006

Prehistoric Plant Use in the Cuyama Valley: The Importance of Small Sites Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:168-172.

Meltzer, David J., John D. Seebach, and Ryan M. Byerly

2006

The Hot Tubb Folsom-Midland Site (41CR10), Texas. Plains Anthropologist 51(198):157-184.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2006

Excavations at CA-MNT-238, at Kirk Creek on the Big Sur Coast. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:220-228.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey

2006

When is an Olivella Bead? Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:128-131.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2006

Comment on “Ahead of the Game: Middle and Upper Palaeolithic Hunting Behaviors in the Southern Caucasus” by DS Adler et al. Current Anthropology 47(1):110.

 

Byerly, Ryan M., and David J. Meltzer

2005

Historic Period Faunal Remains from Mustang Springs on the Southern High Plains of West Texas. Plains Anthropologist 50(194):93-110.

Byerly, Ryan M., Judith R. Cooper, David J. Meltzer, Matthew E. Hill, and Jason M. LaBelle

2005

On Bonfire Shelter as a Paleoindian Bison Jump: An Assessment using GIS and Zooarchaeology. American Antiquity 70(4):595-629.

Byrd, Brian F.

2005

Early Village Life at Beidha, Jordan: Neolithic Spatial Organization and Vernacular Architecture. British Academy Monographs in Archaeology 12. Published for the Council for British Research in the Levant by Oxford University Press. ISBN 01972013-1.

2005

Reassessing the Emergence of Village Life in the Near East. Journal of Archaeological Research 13:231-290.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Gregory S. Herbert, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Howard J. Spero

2005

Provenance Analysis of Olivella biplicata Shell Beads from the California and Oregon Coast by Stable Isotope Fingerprinting. Journal of Archaeological Science 32:1501-1514.

Egeand, Charles P., and Ryan M. Byerly

2005

Application of Return Rates to Large Mammal Butchery and Transport among Hunter-Gatherers and its Implications for Plio-Pleistocene Hominid Carcass Foraging and Site Use. Journal of Taphonomy 3(3):135-158.

McGuire, Kelly R., and William R. Hildebrandt

2005

Re-Thinking Great Basin Foragers: Prestige Hunting and Costly Signaling During the Middle Archaic Period. American Antiquity 70(4):695-712.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2005

Thirty Years After: 1974 Excavations at Kirk Creek, CA-MNT-238, on the Big Sur Coast. Occasional Paper No. 18, San Luis Obispo County Archaeological Society San Luis Obispo, California.

Ruby, Allika

2005

Itinerant Industry: Nineteenth-century Charcoal Production in the Coso Mountains. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 18:176-180.

Slaughter, Mark C., Daron Duke, and Renee Kolvet

2005

Rockshelter Roof Sticks of Southern Nevada. Nevada Archaeologist 20&21:85-88.

Waechter, Sharon A.

2005

Late-Period Resource Intensification in Sierra Valley, Eastern Plumas County: A Response to the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 18:45-52.

Wohlgemuth, Eric

2005

The Medieval Climatic Anomaly and Central Sierra Foothill Prehistory. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology. 18:307-311.

 

Duke, Daron, D. Craig Young, and James A. Carter

2004

A Unique Example of Early Technology and Land Use in the Eastern Great Basin. Current Research in the Pleistocene 21:32-34.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2004

Are Obsidian Subsources Meaningful Units of Analysis?: Temporal and Spatial Patterning of Subsources in the Coso Volcanic Field, Southeastern California. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:21-29.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jerome H. King, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2004

The Prehistoric Development of Intensive Green-Cone Piñon Processing in Eastern California. Journal of Field Archaeology 29:17-27.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2004

Archaeological Discovery of Two Wooden Bows from the Coso Range, Inyo County, California. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 24(2):183-192.

King, Jerome

2004

Re-Examining Coso Obsidian Hydration Rates. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 14:135-142.

Meyer, Jack

2004

Featured Research: Recent Developments in California Geoarchaeology. The Geological Society of America Newsletter of the Archaeological Geology Division 26(2):5.

 

Brewster, A., B. F. Byrd, S. N. Reddy

2003

Cultural Landscapes of Coastal Foragers: An example of GIS and Drainage Catchment Analysis from Southern California. Journal of GIS in Archaeology 1:48-60.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2003

Large Game Hunting, Gender-Differentiated Work Organization, and the Role of Evolutionary Ecology in California and Great Basin Prehistory: A Reply to Broughton and Bayham. American Antiquity 68(4):790-792.

 

Broughton, Jack M., Dominique Rampton, and Kimberley L. Holanda

2002

A Test of an Osteologically-Based Age Determination Method in the Double-Crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus). Ibis 144:143-146.

Byrd, B. F., and S. N. Reddy

2002

Late Holocene Adaptations along the Northern San Diego Coastline: New Perspectives on Old Paradigms In Catalysts to Complexity: Late Holocene of the California Coast, edited by J. Erlandson and T. L. Jones, pp. 41-62. UCLA Press.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2002

Transition from Geophyte to Seed Processing: Evidence for Intensification from Thermal Features near China Lake, Northern Mojave Desert. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 38, Nos. 2 & 3:19-36.

Fitzgerald, Richard T., Jr., and William R. Hildebrandt

2002

Will the True Age of the Borax Lake Pattern Please Stand Up? The Archaeology of CA-HUM-573, an Early Holocene Site on the South End of Pilot Ridge, Humboldt County, California. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 15:1-7.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2002

The Ascendance of Hunting during the California Middle Archaic: An Evolutionary Perspective. American Antiquity 67(2):231-256.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

2002

Projectile Point Typology and Chronology in the North Central Sierra Nevada. North American Archaeologist 23(2):157-183.

Sharon, Ilan, John E. Berg, and B. Zilberstein

2002

The Water Supply System at Roman Dor. The Aqueducts of Israel. Journal of Roman Archaeology, The Aqueducts of Israel, Supplement 46, edited by D. Amit, Y. Hirschfeld, and Y. Patrich.

 

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., and Jack Meyer

2001

A Middle Holocene Olivella Wall-Bead Assemblage from Central California. Society for California Archaeology Newsletter 34(4).

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., William R. Hildebrandt, and Jerome H. King

2001

Donax Don’t Tell: Reassessing Late Holocene Land Use in Northern San Diego CountyJournal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 23(2):179-214.

 

Byrd, Brian F.

2000

Households in Transition: Neolithic Social Organization within Southwest Asia. In Life in Neolithic Farming Communities: Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation, edited by Ian Kuijt, pp. 63-98. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.

Gilreath, Amy J.

2000

Review of Glen Canyon: An Archaeological Summary by Jesse D. Jennings. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 22(1):164-166.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, and Deborah Jones

2000

Prehistoric Adaptations on the Shores of Morro Bay Estuary: A Report on Excavations at Site CA-SLO-165, Morro Bay, California. San Luis Obispo Archaeological Society Publications.

Daron Duke, PhD

Daron Duke featured image
Daron Duke

Email Daron

Daron is a Far Western Principal and serves as Director of our Desert Branch in Henderson, Nevada. He has worked in the Great Basin and California for more than 20 years and has experience in all aspects of cultural resources management. Recent work includes survey, excavation, and sensitivity modeling on lands managed by the US Air Force, BLM, and US Forest Service. His Section 106 compliance work emphasizes the energy sector, with solar, transmission line, and pipeline projects conducted for providers such as NV Energy, Southern California Edison, and PG&E. Daron has worked extensively with Native American groups, including both archaeological and ethnographic efforts, and he has experience with indirect effects assessment. He is permitted by the BLM as a Principal Investigator in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah.

Daron is an active researcher, and clients benefit from his scientific expertise when faced with evolving regulatory standards in cultural resource evaluation. Specializing in flaked stone analysis, he has directed large-scale studies on lithic economy, X-ray fluorescence sourcing, and obsidian hydration dating. His published work includes appearances in Journal of Archaeological Science, PaleoAmerica, North American Archaeologist, and University of Utah Press. Daron’s efforts also involve public outreach documents such as the Obsidian Hydration Dating Workbook, which was developed as part of Far Western’s work with the Nevada BLM’s Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Daron’s Featured Projects


Daron’s Featured Publications

Duke, Daron

2015

Haskett Spear Weaponry and Protein-Residue Evidence of Proboscidean Hunting in the Great Salt Lake Desert, Utah. PaleoAmerica 1(1):109-112

Duke, Daron, and Jerome H. King

2014

A GIS Model for Predicting Wetland Habitat in the Great Basin at the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition and Implications for Paleoindian Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:276-291.

Duke, Daron

2013

The Exploded Fine-Grained Volcanic Sources of the Desert West and the Primacy of Tool Function in Material Selection. In George H. Odell Memorial Issue, North American Archaeologist 34(4):323-354.

Access Daron’s publications at academia.edu.

D. Craig Young, PhD

D. Craig Young
Email Craig

 

 

Dr. Young is a Far Western Principal and serves as Director of cultural resources consulting and research at Far Western’s Great Basin Branch in Carson City, Nevada. Living and working in Nevada for over 30 years,Craig has been instrumental in assisting private industry and government agencies successfully navigate the regulatory process for projects across renewable energy, transportation, communications, and natural resources sectors. His direct engagement in active research, open collaboration, and public outreach provides a foundation for creative project management and continues to build trust with resource managers and review agencies across the region.

In addition to guiding and collaborating with the skilled Far Western team, Craig is an active scientist working daily in western North America. His research interests include environmental influences and geomorphological processes affecting archaeological site formation and, ultimately, people’s interaction with a changing landscape, and he has been awarded funding for geoarchaeological studies from the National Science Foundation, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Interior, and the Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative. With his colleagues at Far Western, he applies this research to efficiently evaluate archaeological resources and better understand landforms where buried archaeological sites might be preserved and—all with the goal of navigating the project planning and implementation process.

Craig is also an avid photographer, musician, and trail runner.  

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Craig’s Featured Projects

Craig’s Featured Publications

 

Madsen, David B., Charles G. Oviatt, D. Craig Young, and David Page

2017

Old River Bed Delta Geomorphology and Chronology. In Paleoarchaic Occupation of the Old River Bed Delta, edited by David B. Madsen, Dave N. Schmitt, and David Page, pp. 30-60. University of Utah Anthropological Papers No. 128. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

Young, D. Craig, and William R. Hildebrandt

2017

Tufa Village (Nevada): Placing the Fort Sage Drift Fence in a Larger Archaeological Context. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of National History, No. 102. New York City, New York.

Young, D. Craig

2014

Points on a Continuum: Three Sites in a Middle Archaic Settlement System in the Western Great Basin. In Archaeology in the Great Basin and the Southwest: Papers in Honor of Don D Fowler, edited by Nancy J. Parezo and Joel C. Janetski, pp. 85-97. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

Craig’s Outreach Activities

  • Society of American Archaeology
  • Geological Society of America
  • Nevada Archaeological Association
  • Society of California Archaeology
  • Register of Professional Archaeologists

Staff Directory

 

The key to our success is the diverse group comprising the permanent staff of Far Western. This award-winning team includes Ph.D. and M.A./M.S.-level archaeologists and cartographers, along with data specialists, laboratory scientists, designers and graphic artists, and dedicated field technicians.

 

Laboratory and Collections Management

Laura B. Harold, MA – Laboratory Director

Kaely R. Colligan, BA – Data Director

Eric Wohlgemuth, PhD – Archaeobotany Director

Kasey O’Horo, MA – Desert Branch Laboratory Director

Angela Armstrong-Ingram, BS

Jill Eubanks, BA

Patricia Galindo Arias, BA

Lucas R.  Martindale Johnson, PhD

Rosario Torres, BA

Staff Archaeologists

Angela Arpaia, BS

Gina Caretti, BA

Kaely R. Colligan, BA

Kathy Davis, BA

Laurel Engbring, MA

Jill Eubanks, BA

Patricia Galindo Arias, BA

Devin Garvey, BA

Eric Gingerich, BA

Kathleen Hanrahan, BA

Leslie Hofert

Sarah L. Izzi, MA

Melissa K. Johnson, BS, BA

Martijn Kuipers, MA

Steve Lindley, BA

Nick Longo, BA

Michele Maybee, BA

Joshua McWaters, BA

Margo Meyer, BA

Montserrat Osterlye. BA

Monique Sanchez, BA

Rosario Torres, BA

GIS and Cartography Specialists

Paul Brandy, MA – Director

Shannon DeArmond, BS – GIS Supervisor

Jill Bradeen, BA

Chelsea Karthauser, MS

Daniel O’Brien, BS

Andras Nagy, MA

Darla Rice, BA

Nicole Stotz, MS

Graphic Design and Publishing

Tammara Ekness Norton, BA – Art Director

Daniel Downey, BA – Production Director

Sorana Bucur, BA

Kathleen Montgomery, BA

Jacuie Kramm, BA

Michael Pardee

Administration

Sharon Anstead, BS – Director

Lin Wang, BA – Finance Manager

Brian F. Byrd, PhD – Proposal Team Lead

Melissa Johnson, BS, BA –  Proposal Coordinator

Nicole S. Birney, BSD – Organizational Development Director

Erin Eason

Estrella Lopez, MA

Valarie Townsend

Mariella Vigil

Jerry Tarner – Nevada Administrative Lead

Main Office – Davis, CA

Expertise throughout western North America.

2727 Del Rio Place, Suite A, Davis, California 95618
Phone: (530) 756-3941
Fax: (530) 756-0811

The main office of Far Western is in Davis, California, in the Central Valley midway between the Bay Area and the Sierra Nevada. Our current facilities, were specifically designed for archaeological research and analysis. The office includes a large research laboratory and secure curation space, a comprehensive library, a complete production department, and a GIS/Cartography center.

Far Western’s senior management team meets regularly in Davis to direct and supervise the company’s major contract, research, and administrative operations. Davis also serves as our central hub for graphic design and report production, GIS, laboratory analysis, and quality control. Our branch offices are linked to Davis with real-time access to company technical and administrative resources.

The main office is close to the University of California, Davis, the alma mater of several of our principals and employees, and we take full advantage of its resources (i.e., libraries, students, activities). We have been in Davis for more than 30 years and fit in well with the small, university-town culture.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Public Outreach and Interpretation

Public Outreach

Public Outreach and Interpretation

One of our particular talents is the design and production of broadcast-quality films, interpretive signs, brochures, training manuals, and other educational and outreach products. These often serve as mitigation for projects where adverse effects to significant archaeological or historical resources are unavoidable. Our highly skilled team will research and write content; supply original paintings, illustrations, photographs, and maps; and track down archival images, to make our educational and outreach products truly compelling.

To learn more, visit some of our key public outreach projects below:

A Point in Time is a 46-minute film on how archaeological research is conducted. Far Western Art Director and Producer Tammara Norton and Director Phil Gross recently completed this film for Nevada BLM. It has been shown on Vegas PBS Channel 10 and is available on the PBS streaming service.

In collaboration with  California State Parks and the Sierra State Parks Foundation, Far Western Art Director, Tammara Norton designed and fabricated underwater markers and ‘dive cards’ for three boats and two barges for the Emerald Bay Maritime Heritage Trail.

VIDEO: Gold, Water and Power, PG&E on the Stanislaus River 

California’s Gold Rush era water transport system would later play a critical role in PG&E’s hydroelectric system. (16 Minutes)

In the Time when Animals were PeopleIn the Time when Animals were People is a collection of traditional Yokut and Western Mono stories gathered by anthropologists from tribal Elders who could still remember the old times. Those times are gone, but the people and the stories remain.

Creating VyaCreating Vya: The Dream of Dry Farming in Long Valley, Nevada describes the rise and fall of the community of Vya with information on Northern Paiute lifeways, early explorers, cattle ranching, and the failed Long Valley Water Project. The book includes numerous photographs by John L. Henry.

Life on the RiverThe book Life on the River – The Archaeology of an Early Native American Culture explains archaeological techniques and discoveries at a Shasta County site, located on the Upper Sacramento River. It documents Wintu lifeways just before and during the arrival of Europeans into the area.

People of the TulesThe Long Road Traveled is a public-oriented document about the Cuyama Valley. The full digital document is available in online-magazine form here. See the 3D Visualization Gallery here.

People of the TulesPeople of the Tules: Archaeology and Prehistory of California’s Great Central Valley presents information about excavations that revealed evidence of environmental and cultural changes. An audio version is available for the visually impaired.

Written on the Land: 10,000 Years of Human History along Marsh CreekWritten on the Land: 10,000 Years of Human History along Marsh Creek. For thousands of years before the Spanish, the Mexicans, or the Americans entered the East Bay/Delta region of California, Native people lived in this beautiful place.

Mountain Harvest: The Use of Pinyon Nuts by the Paiute and Their Ancestors Near Sherwin Summit, California.Mountain Harvest: The Use of Pinyon Nuts by the Paiute and Their Ancestors Near Sherwin Summit, California.

 

Stealing the Sun Stealing the Sun presents an overview of the prehistory of the central Sierra Nevada foothills by combining archaeology and traditional Me-Wuk stories.

 

Pieces of the Puzzle: Archaeologists work along SR 49Looking for Pieces of the Puzzle is a seven-minute video of archaeologists at work along State Route 49, in the Sierra Nevada foothills of western Tuolumne County, California.

Step Back in Time! Archaeology and Prehistory in Sierra Valley Step Back in Time! Archaeology and Prehistory in Sierra Valley highlights work with the Washoe tribe to preserve one of the most important archaeological sites ever found in northern California.

Many Cultures, One LandMany Cultures, One Land, covers the prehistory and historical events that forever changed the lives of the Native peoples in the area.

 

China Lake Rock ArtView spectacular rock art found at Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.

 

Evaluation and Testing


Icon_eval

Assessing the significance of prehistoric, historic, and traditional cultural resources

Not every archaeological site is significant—only those with special cultural, scientific, and/or educational values. Significant sites can represent important events or people, provide examples of great artistic or engineering works, or add to our understanding of life in the past. They also retain good physical integrity and have not been heavily damaged or destroyed. Evaluation of significance involves careful documentation, dating, consideration of research potential, and often consultation with Native Americans and other interested parties. Historic-era sites may also require special archival research. Far Western’s permanent staff includes some of the most respected and experienced researchers in the field, which means that our evaluation recommendations are readily accepted by reviewing agencies.