Search Results for: William Hildebrandt

Awards

2017
Far Western received the Governor’s Historic Preservation Award for our work on the Salvaging the Past: A Case Study in Archaeological Inquiry Project. This included a technical report as well as a document specifically geared to archaeology students focusing on cultural resources management and contract archaeology, 

 

PresidentsAwardSCA2016
The Society for California Archaeology presented Amy Gilreath with the Mark Raymond Harrington Award for Conservation in Archaeology. Read more about her award at www.farwestern.com/news.

2016
Far Western received the Governor’s Historic Preservation Award for our work on the Cuyama Valley: A Corridor to the Past Project. The project showcases seven archaeological sites that underwent initial salvage excavations in the late 1960s and early 1970s, with final analysis nearly 40 years later. The project included a digital booklet, exhibit and 3D gallery.

PresidentsAwardSCA2015
The SCA President’s Award for Exceptional Service to the Society for California Archaeology was awarded to Patricia Mikkelsen.

Telly Award2015
The Silver Telly was awarded to Phil Gross, Kelly McGuire, William Hildebrandt, and D. Craig Young for their film “Breaking New Ground.”

Archaeology Channel Award2015
The Archaeology Channel Film Festival presented the film makers of “Breaking New Ground” with the Most Inspirational Award.

SCA Award2015
The Society for California Archaeology presented William Hildebrandt with the Martin A. Baumhoff Special Achievement Award.

SCA Award2010
Far Western received the Society for California Archaeology Thomas F. King Award for Excellence in Cultural Resources Management.

SDAC Award2009
Brian Byrd, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and William Hildebrandt received an Honorable Mention for Excellence in Archaeology from the San Diego Archaeological Center for their work at Camp Pendleton.

Caltrans Award2008
Far Western was recognized by Caltrans for an Outstanding Commitment to Disadvantaged Business Enterprise participation.

SCA Award2007
Far Western received the Governor’s Historic Preservation Award for our work on the Black Creek site in Calaveras County. This included a technical archaeological report, plus a public brochure, Stealing the Sun, which presents an archaeological overview and traditional Native Me-wuk stories about the area.

SCA Award2006
Jeffrey Rosenthal and Jack Meyer were awarded the Martin A. Baumhoff Special Achievement Award from the Society for California Archaeology.

SCA Award2005
The California Preservation Foundation presented their Design Award to Jeffrey S. Rosenthal and Jack Meyer for their groundbreaking Geoarchaeological Study and Sensitivity Model for the Southern Santa Clara, Hollister, and San Juan Valleys.

Adrian (Adie) Whitaker, PhD


Adrian Whitaker Email Adie

Adie Whitaker is a Principal Investigator, Project Manager, and Faunal Analyst. He has worked at Far Western since 2008 and has over 15 years archaeological experience throughout California in both academic and CRM contexts. At Far Western he has worked extensively on transportation-related projects that fall under the Caltrans Local Assistance program for Section 106 review or are being implemented directly by Caltrans. He is an expert on the 2014 First Amended Caltrans Section 106 Programmatic Agreement as it relates to Local Assistance, with experience in the Sierra Nevada foothills, Central Valley, and San Francisco Bay Area. Along with Dr. Brian Byrd, he leads our team on the San Francisco Planning Department Cultural Resources Approved Consultants list, aiding private developers in meeting their Cultural Resources mitigation obligations with minimal impact on construction schedules. Dr. Whitaker also serves as Far Western’s Principal Investigator on the Santa Barbara Channel Islands and adjacent areas of the coast for the US Department of Defense.

Dr. Whitaker has authored numerous excavation reports on the archaeology of the central Sierra Nevada, Central Valley, and San Francisco Bay Area in northern California and on the Santa Barbara Channel Islands and coast of southern California. Data from these reports have led to the publication of numerous scholarly articles in regional, national, and international journals, including American Antiquity, the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, the Journal of Archaeological Science, the Journal of Coastal and Island Archaeology, California Archaeology, and the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology.

Dr. Whitaker is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology and sits on the Editorial Board of the Malki Museum Press. He previously served as the Book Review Editor for the Journal and Editor-in-Chief of the Center for Archaeological Research at Davis. He has served on the Executive Board of the Society for California Archaeology as Northern Vice President (2010-2012) and Secretary (2009-2010).

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Adie’s Featured Projects

Adie’s Outreach Activities

  • Editor of the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology

Adie’s Featured Publications

Colligan, Kaely, Adrian R. Whitaker, and William Hildebrandt

2015

Where The Pavement Ends: An Assessment of the Paucity of Haliotis rufescens in the Archaeological Record on California’s North Coast. California Archaeology 7(1): 33-58

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2014

Social Circumscription, Territoriality, and the Late Holocene Intensification of Small-Bodied Shellfish along the California Coast. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):150-168.

 

Whelan, Carly, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2013

Hunter-Gatherer Storage, Settlement, and the Opportunity Costs of Women’s Foraging. American Antiquity 78(4):662-678.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Brian Byrd

2012

Boat-Based Foraging and Discontinuous Prehistoric Red Abalone Exploitation along the California Coast. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 31(2): 196-214.

 

Allika Ruby, MA

Allika Ruby featured image
Allika Ruby 

 

Allika Ruby (1969–2017) – A loving wife, mother, friend, and colleague, who left us too soon.

Allika was an invaluable part of the Far Western family.  She was always ready to take on any challenge, and excelled in all her endeavors here. Her writing skills were exceptional, as evidenced by her recent Governor’s Historic Preservation Award for Salvaging the Past, a document prepared for CRM students. She was a joy to work with and we will miss her greatly.

Allika has been a professional archaeologist since 1992 and a Far Western staff member since 1998. As senior Far Western archaeologist, she has worked on a wide range of cultural resources projects for a variety of clients. She has extensive field experience in California and Nevada, particularly in the western Great Basin, Mojave Desert, and coastal California; she has also undertaken archaeological work in Peru and Bulgaria. Her laboratory expertise includes historic-era artifact and faunal bone analyses. She has authored or co-authored more than 30 technical reports to satisfy California Environmental Quality Act and National Historic Preservation Act (Section 106) requirements.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Allika’s Featured Projects

  • Ruby Pipeline
  • CA-MNT-188 Test Excavations
  • Pinyon Surveys, Coso Range

Allika’s Featured Publications

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2006

Prehistoric Pinyon Exploitation in the Southwestern Great Basin: A View from the Coso Range. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 27:11-32.

Ruby, Allika

2005

Itinerant Industry: Nineteenth-Century Charcoal Production in the Coso Mountains. In Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology, Volume 18, edited by Sharon A. Waechter, D. Laylander, and Greg G. White, pp. 176-180. Society for California Archaeology. Chico, California.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2004

Archaeological Discovery of Two Wooden Bows from the Coso Range, Inyo County, California. Journal of Great Basin and California Anthropology 24:183-192.

Principal Investigators

 

Dedicated and creative project direction and scholarship.

 

Jerome H. King, MA

Jerome King
Jay King

Email Jay

Jay is one of the newest Principals on Far Western’s management team. He attended the University of California, Santa Cruz, for his undergraduate degree, graduating in 1991, and Simon Fraser University for his master’s degree, graduating in 1997. He has worked at Far Western since 1999. He also serves as a Principal Investigator on projects throughout California and Nevada. He specializes in information management and analysis. As a founder of our GIS and Cartography group, Jay has completed a number of landscape-level sensitivity models and geoarchaeological studies, sample survey designs, large-scale cultural resources data-acquisition and maintenance projects, as well as custom application development. As an archaeologist, he has led and contributed to a wide variety of inventory, testing, and data-recovery projects. His work with Jeff Rosenthal and Jack Meyer on the geoarchaeology of the southern Santa Clara Valley, subsequently published by the Center for Archaeological Research, Davis, received the 2005 Preservation Design Award from the California Preservation Foundation.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Jay’s Featured Projects

  • Ruby Pipeline
  • Caltrans Cultural Resources Database and Legacy Data Collection
  • Battle Mountain Pasture

Jay’s Featured Publications

Duke, Daron, and Jerome H. King

2014

A GIS Model for Predicting Wetland Habitat in the Great Basin at the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition and Implications for Paleoindian Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:276-291.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, Amy J. Gilreath, Jerome H. King, and John E. Berg

2013

The Prehistory of Gold Butte: A Virgin River Hinterland, Clark County, Nevada. University of Utah Anthropological Papers No. 127. Salt Lake City, Utah.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Jerome H. King

2012

Distinguishing between Darts and Arrows in the Archaeological Record: Implications for Technological Change in the American West. American Antiquity 77:789-799.

Pat Mikkelsen, MA

Far Western, Davis Office
Pat Mikkelsen

Email Pat

Pat has been a Principal at Far Western since 1992 and has extensive experience in California in all aspects of cultural resources management—project scoping, budgeting, research, survey, test and data recovery excavations, report production and editing, public interpretation, district nominations, and state and federal laws and regulations. She has served as Project Manager and Principal Investigator on many long-term survey and multi-site projects, with an interest in the central coast and northeastern California. As a primary editor of Far Western documents, she focuses on quality control for smooth agency review and quick approval. Her work has been published through the San Luis Obispo Archaeological Society Publications and the Center for Archaeological Research at Davis, UC Press. She serves as editor and nomination chair for the Society of California Archaeology, and is a member of the James A. Bennyhoff Committee which supports student research.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation


Pat’s Key Projects

  • Caltrans Districts 5, 6 & 9
  • California Department of Parks and Recreation
  • Cuyama Valley

Pat’s Featured Publications

Mikkelsen, Patricia

2013

Temporal Components. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 27:149-161.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2005

Thirty Years After: 1974 Excavations at Kirk Creek, CA-MNT-238, on the Big Sur Coast. Occasional Paper No. 18, San Luis Obispo County Archaeological Society San Luis Obispo, California.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, and Deborah Jones

2000

Prehistoric Adaptations on the Shores of Morro Bay Estuary: A Report on Excavations at Site CA-SLO-165, Morro Bay, California. San Luis Obispo Archaeological Society Publications.

Kelly R. McGuire, MA

Kelly McGuire, featured image
Kelly R. McGuire, MA

Email Kelly

One of the original founders of Far Western, Kelly has more than 35 years of archaeological experience, primarily in California and the Great Basin. Along with his duties as Chief Financial Officer (1979-2019), he has supervised cultural resources programs for a variety of water resources, communication, resource management, transportation, military, and energy-related developments. Kelly’s research interests include California and Great Basin hunter-gatherer adaptations and foraging theory focusing on human behavioral ecology. His work has appeared in books and encyclopedias, as well as in American Antiquity; Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology; Quaternary Research; Journal of Ethnobiology; University of Utah Press Anthropological Papers; Museum of Anthropology Occasional Papers in Anthropology, CSU-Bakersfield Occasional Papers in Anthropology; and Nevada State Museum Anthropological Papers. Kelly maintains an abiding interest in outreach efforts for archaeology. He has developed a number of pamphlets and web-based modules for educational institutions and the general public, co-produced a feature-length documentary The Obsidian Trail which was aired nation-wide on PBS, as well as Breaking New Ground: Native Americans Working as Archaeologists.

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Kelly’s Featured Projects

Kelly’s Featured Publications

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, Amy J. Gilreath, Jerome H. King, and John E. Berg

2013

The Prehistory of Gold Butte: A Virgin River Hinterland, Clark County, Nevada. University of Utah Anthropological Papers No. 127. Salt Lake City, Utah.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2012

A Land of Prestige. In Contemporary Issues in California Archaeology, edited by Terry L. Jones and Jennifer E. Perry, pp. 133-151. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California.

Selected Citations

Far Western’s commitment to scientific research and outreach can be seen in a number of works. Below is a sample of Far Western’s numerous contributions to the field of archaeology, including: books; chapters; online publications; theses and dissertations; and a wide variety of regional, national, and international journals.

20192018201720162015201420132012201120102009200820072006 and prior

Hildebrandt, William R., Phil Kaijankoski, and Allika Ruby

2019

Middle Holocene Resource Intensification along the Southern California Coast: A View from Goleta Slough. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Contributions in Anthropology.

Moratto, Michael J., Jack Meyer, Shelly Davis-King, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Laurie Sylwester

2019

Further Thoughts on the Age of the Sylwester Clovis Point: A Response to Haynes. PaleoAmerica 4(4):264-266.

Schmitt, Dave N., Karen D. Lupo, Jean-Paul Ndanga, D. Craig Young, Christopher A. Kiahtipes, Guy T. Amaye and Lucien P. Nguerede

2019

An elusive record further exposed: additional excavations and chronometric data on human settlement in the northern Congo Basin rain forest, southern Central African Republic. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 54(1):55-74.

 

Hyde, David G.

In Press

Historical Anthropology of “San Francisco Sourdough:” A Technological Perspective. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers, University of California, Berkeley

Llano, Carina and Andrew Ugan

In Press

Alternative interpretations of intermediate and positive δ13C isotope signals in prehistoric human remains from southern Mendoza, Argentina: the role of CAM species consumption. Current Anthropology.

Byrd, Brian F., Shannon DeArmond, and Laurel Engbring

2018

Re-visualizing Indigenous Persistence during Colonization from the Perspective of Traditional Settlements in the San Francisco Bay-Delta Area. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 38(2): 163–190.

Eerkens, Jelmer, Shannon Tushingham; Korey J Brownstein; Ramona Garibay; Katherine Perez; Engel Murga; Philip Kaijankoski; Jeffrey S Rosenthal and David R Gang

2018

Dental Calculus as a Source of Ancient Alkaloids: Detection of Nicotine by LC-MS in Calculus Samples from the Americas. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 18:509-515.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Ruth V. Nichols, Katherine Perez, Engel Murga, Philip Kaijankoski, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Laurel Engbring, and Beth Shapiro

2018

Next Generation Sequencing of Neisseria meningitidis from Dental Calculus: A Probable Case of Meningococcal Disease in a Prehistoric Native Californian Burial from San Francisco Bay. Journal of Paleopathology, Vol. 22:173-180.

Fitzgerald, Richard, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Jelmer Eerkens, Dave Nicholson, and Howard J. Spero

2018

The Distribution of Olivella Grooved Rectangle Beads in the Far West. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 38(2):241-252.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, D. Craig Young, Kaely Colligan, and Laura Harold

2018

At the Vanishing Point: Environment and Prehistoric Land Use in the Black Rock Desert. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of National History, No. 103. New York City, New York.

Moratto, Michael J., Alan P. Garfinkel, Jon Erlandson, Alexander K. Rogers, Michael F. Rondeau, Jeffrey Rosenthal, Craig Skinner, Tim Carpenter, and Robert M. Yohe

2018

Environmental diversity and stable isotope variation in faunas: implications for human diet reconstruction in Argentine mid-latitude deserts.  Journal of Archaeological Science.

Rogers, A. K., and D. Duke

2018

An Innovative Method for Computing the Hydration Rate for the Browns Bench Obsidian Source. International Association for Obsidian Studies Bulletin 60:24-29.

Scheib, C. L., Hongjie Li, Tariq Desai, Vivian Link, Christopher Kendall, Genevieve Dewar, Peter William Griffith, Alexander Mörseburg, John R. Johnson, Amiee Potter, Susan L. Kerr, Phillip Endicott, John Lindo, Marc Haber, Yali Xue, Chris Tyler-Smith, Manjinder S. Sandhu, Joseph G. Lorenz, Tori D. Randall, Zuzana Faltyskova, Luca Pagani, Petr Danecek, Tamsin C. O’Connell, Patricia Martz, Alan S. Boraas, Brian F. Byrd, Alan Leventhal, Rosemary Cambra, Ronald Williamson, Louis Lesage, Brian Holguin, Ernestine Ygnacio-De Soto, JohnTommy Rosas, Mait Metspalu, Jay T. Stock, Andrea Manica, Aylwyn Scally, Daniel Wegmann, Ripan S. Malhi, Toomas Kivisild

2018

Ancient human parallel lineages within North America contributed to a coastal expansion. Science 360(6392): 1024-1027.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Paul Brandy

2018

Social Boundaries, Territoriality, and the Cultural Ecology of Artiodactyl Hunting in Prehistoric Central California. Quaternary International

 

 

Adolfo F. Gil, Lumila P. Menéndez, Juan P. Atencio, Eva A. Peralta, Gustavo A. Neme y Andrew Ugan

2017

Estrategias humanas, estabilidad, y cambio en la frontera agrícola sur americana.  Latin American Antiquity.

Byrd, Brian F. and Andrew N. Garrad

2017

The Upper and Epipaleolithic of the Azraq Basin Jordan. In Quaternary of the Levant: Environments, Climate Change and Humans, edited by Yehouda Enzel and Ofer Bar-Yosef, pp. 66-677. Cambridge University Press.

Giampoudakis, Konstantinos, Katherine A. Marske, Michael K. Borregaard, Andrew Ugan, Joy S. Singarayer, Paul J. Valdes, Carsten Rahbek, and David Nogués-Bravo

2017

Niche dynamics of Paleolithic modern humans during the settlement of the Palaearctic.  Global Ecology and Biogeography 26(3): 359-370.

Jones, T.L., D.A. Jones, K.W. Gobalet, J.F. Porcasi, and W.R. Hildebrandt

2017

The Morro Bay Fauna: Evidence for a Medieval Droughts Refugium on the Central California Coast. American Antiquity 82(2):203-222. 

McGuire, Kelly R., and Nathan Stevens

2017

The Potential Role of Geophytes, Digging Sticks, and Formed Flake Tools in the Western North American Paleoarchaic Expansion. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology  37(1):3-21.

McGuire, Kelly, and William Hildebrandt

2017

Style, identity, and resource competition on the border: The incised stones of the Sacramento River Canyon. Quaternary International, Quaternary International.

Moratto, Michael J., Owen K. Davis, Shelly Davis-King, Jack Meyer, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Laurie Sylwester

2017

A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California. PaleoAmerica, 3(3):260-275.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., Jack Meyer, Manuel R. Palacios-Fest, D. Craig Young, Andrew Ugan, Brian F. Byrd, Ken Gobalet, and Jason Giacomo

2017

Paleohydrology of China Lake Basin and the Context of Early Human Occupation in the Northwestern Mojave Desert, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews 167:112-139.

Stevens, Nathan,  Adrian Whitaker, and Jeffrey Rosenthal

2017

Bedrock Mortars as Indicators of Territorial Behavior in the Sierra Nevada. Quaternary International (published online December 2017).

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Paul Brandy

2017

Social Boundaries, Territoriality, and the Cultural Ecology of Artiodactyl Hunting in Prehistoric Central California. Quaternary International (published online December 2017).

Young, D.C. and W.R. Hildebrandt 

2017

Tufa Village (Nevada): Placing the Fort Sage Drift Fence in a Larger Archaeological Context. American Museum of Natural History Anthropological Papers, Number 102.

 

Byrd, Brian F. and Jeffrey Rosenthal

2016

Celebrating the Dead and Recrafting Social Identity: Placing Prehistoric Mortuary Practices in Broader Social Context. Chapter 11 In Archaeological Variability and Interpretation in Global Perspective edited by Alan R. Sullivan III and Debroah I. Olszewski pp.233-266. University Press of Colorado.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Eric Bartelink, Richard Fitzgerald, Laura Brink, Ramona Garibay, Gina Jorgenseon, and Randy Wiberg

2016

Trophy Heads or Ancestor Veneration? A Stable Isotope Perspective on Disassociated and Modified Crania in Pre-Contact Central California. American Antiquity 81(1):114-131.

Hildebrandt, William R., Kelly R. McGuire, Jerome King, Allika Ruby, and D. Craig Young

2016

Prehistory of Nevada’s Northern Tier: Archaeological Investigations along the Ruby Pipeline Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, No. 101.

Byerly, Ryan, and Joanna Roberson

2015

Late Pleistocene to Middle Holocene Archaeology in the Mojave Desert: Recent Discoveries in Twentynine Palms, California. PaleoAmerica 1(2):197-201.

Byerly, Ryan, Joanna Roberson, and Charles P. Egeland

2015

The Coffin Bison Kill (5JA7): Bridging Perspectives on the Past at the Door to North Park, Colorado. North American Archaeologist 36:266-288.

Byrd, Brian F., and Adrian R. Whitaker

2015

Prehistoric Settlement Trends on San Clemente and San Nicolas Islands, Alta California. California Archaeology 7(1):1-32.

Byrd, Brian F., Andrew Garrard, and Paul Brandy

2015

Modeling Foraging Ranges and Spatial Organization of Late Pleistocene Hunter-gatherers in the Southern Levant—A Least-cost GIS Approach. Quaternary International.

Colligan, Kaely R., Adrian R. Whitaker, William R. Hildebrandt

2015

Where the Pavement Ends: An Assessment of the Near Absence of Haliotis refescens in the Archaeological Record on Alta California’s North Coast. California Archaeology 7(1):33-57.

Duke, Daron

2015

Haskett Spear Weaponry and Protein-Residue Evidence of Proboscidean Hunting in the Great Salt Lake Desert, Utah. PaleoAmerica 1(1):109-112.

Johnson, Lisa M., James Crandall, and Lucas R. Martindale Johnson

2015

From Vision to Cosmovision: Memory and the Senses in the Creation of Maya Ritual Space. Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 31(1):73–82

Lupo, Karen D., Dave N. Schmitt, Christopher A. Kiatipes, Jean-Paul Ndanga, D. Craig Young, and Bernard Smiti

2015

On Intensive Late Holocene Iron Mining and Production in the Northern Congo Basin and the Environmental Consequences Associated with Metallurgy in Central Africa. PLoS ONE 10(7):e0132632; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132632

Madsen, David B., Charles G. Oviatt, D. Craig Young, and David Page

2015

Old River Bed Delta Geomorphology and Chronology. In Anthropological Papers Number 128, edied by David B. Madsen, Dave N. Schmitt, and David Page, pp. 30-60. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Marino, Marc D., Lucas R. Martindale Johnson, and Nathan J. Meissner

2015

Chapter 13: Postclassic Tool Production at Santa Rita Corozal: Implications for Domestic Craft Production and Regional Exchange of Flaked Stone. In Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay, edited by Debra S. Walker. University of Florida Press, Gainsville, Florida.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R., Maureen Carpenter, Arlen F. Chase, and Diane Z. Chase

2015

Articulating with the Broader Economy: Chert Pressure Blade Technology in Caracol Residential Group. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 12:77–87.

Byrd, Brian F. (with a contribution by David S. Reese)

2014

The Late Pleistocene Occupation of Madamagh Rockshelter, Southern Jordan: New Data and Perspectives on an Old Excavation. In Settlement, Survey and Stone: Essays on Near Eastern Prehistory in Honour of Gary Rollefson, pp. 37-52, edited by B. Finlayson and C. Makarewicz. Berlin, ex oriente.

Codding, Brian, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Doug Bird

2014

Global Patterns in the Exploitation of Shellfish. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):145-149.

Duke, Daron, and Jerome H. King

2014

A GIS Model for Predicting Wetland Habitat in the Great Basin at the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition and Implications for Paleoindian Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:276-291.

Egeland, Charles P., Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Christopher M. Nicholson, A. Petrosyan, R. Ghukasyan, and Ryan Byerly

2014

Reconnaissance Survey for Paleolithic Sites in the Debed River Valley, Northern Armenia. Journal of Field Archaeology 39(4):370-386.

Hockett, Bryan S., William R. Hildebrandt, and Jerome H. King

2014

Identifying Dart and Arrow Points in the Great Basin: Comment on Smith et al.’s “Points in Time: Direct Radiocarbon Dates on Great Basin Projectile Points.” American Antiquity 79:561-565.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R.

2014

Standardized Lithic Technology and Crafting at the “Gateway Group” from Caracol, Belize: Implications for Maya Household Archaeology. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 11:91–87.

Rogers, Alexander K., and Daron Duke

2014

Unreliability of the Induced Obsidian Hydration Method with Abbreviated Hot-soak Protocols. Journal of Archaeological Science  52:428-435.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2014

Social Circumscription, Territoriality, and the Late Holocene Intensification of Small-Bodied Shellfish along the California Coast. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):150-168.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey R. Rosenthal, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2014

The Holocene Biogeography of Gray Pine (Pinus sabiniana Dougl.) in California. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23(6):683-692.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Shannon Tushingham

2014

A Quantitative Assessment of Ethnographically Identified Activity Areas at the Point Saint George Site (CA-DNO-11) and the Validity of Ethnographic Analogy. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 34(1):1-15.

Byrd, Brian F., A. Cornellas, Jelmer W. Eerkens, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Timothy R. Carpenter, A. Leventhal, and J. A. Leonard

2013

The Role of Canids in Ritual and Domestic Contexts: New Ancient DNA Insights from Complex Hunter-Gatherer Sites in Prehistoric Central California. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2176-2189.

Duke, Daron

2013

The Exploded Fine-Grained Volcanic Sources of the Desert West and the Primacy of Tool Function in Material Selection. In George H. Odell Memorial Issue, North American Archaeologist 34(4):323-354.

Garrard, Andrew N, and Brian F. Byrd

2013

Beyond the Fertile Crescent: Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic Communities of the Jordaniean Steppe. The Axraq Basin Project Volume I: Project Background and the Late Palaeolithic (Geological Context and Technology). Council for the British Research in the Levant Supplemental Series Vol. 13. Oxbox Books, Oxford.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Brian F. Byrd, Anna Fritschi, and Howard J. Spero

2013

Settlement Pattern and Site Seasonality Reconstruction at Two Late Holocene Shell Middens on San Francisco Bay. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2014-2024.

Hockett, Bryan S., C. Cliff Creger, Beth Smith, D. Craig Young, James A. Carter, Eric Dillingham, Rachel Crews, and Evan Pellegrini

2013

Large-scale Trapping Features from the Great Basin, USA: The Significance of Leadership and Communal Gatherings in Ancient Foraging Societies. Quaternary International 297:64-78.

Mikkelsen, Patricia

2013

Temporal Components. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 27:149-161.

Whelan, Carly, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2013

Hunter-Gatherer Storage, Settlement, and the Opportunity Costs of Women’s Foraging. American Antiquity 78:662-678.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Jerome H. King

2012

Distinguishing Between Darts and Arrows in the Archaeological Record: Implications for Technological Change in the American West. American Antiquity 77:789-799.

Whittaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2012

Boat-Based Foraging and Discontinuous Prehistoric Red Abalone Exploitation along the California Coast. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 31:196-214.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2012

Economic Foraging at a Distance Is Not a Question of If but When: A Response to Grimstead. American Antiquity 77:160-167.

Egeland, Charles. P., Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Ryan M. Byerly, Christopher M. Nicholson, and Diana Zardayan

2011

Multiperiod Archaeological Reconnaissance in the Debed River Valley, North-Eastern Armenia. Antiquity 85(329).

Waechter, Sharon A., and Tammara Ekness Norton

2011

Looking for Pieces of the Puzzle. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California.

Byrd, Brian F.

2010

Public and Private, Domestic and Corporate: The Emergence of the Southwest Asian Village. The Archaeology of Tribal Social Formations: Selections from American Antiquity, edited by Michelle Hegmon, pp. 109-136.

Byrd, Brian F., D. Craig Young, and Kelly R. McGuire

2010

Pavement Quarries, Gypsum Period Residential Stability, and Trans-Holocene Settlement Systems of the Mojave Desert: A Case Study at Fort Irwin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 29(2):121-144.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Nathan E. Stevens, Amanda Cannon, Eric L. Brown, and Howard J. Spero

2010

Stable Isotope Analysis of Olivella Shell Beads from the Los Angeles Basin and San Nicholas Island. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5:105-119.

Hildebrandt, William R., Kelly R. McGuire, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2010

Human Behavioral Ecology and Historical Contingency: A Comment on the Diablo Canyon Archaeological Record. American Antiquity 75:679-688.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2010

Prehistoric Behavioral Depression of Cormorant (Phalacrocorax spp.) on the Northern California Coast. Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2562-2571.

2010

Review of California Maritime Archaeology: A San Clemente Island Perspective, L. Mark, Raab, Jim Cassidy, Andrew Yatsko, and William J. Howard. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5:294-295.

Byrd, Brian F., D. Craig Young, and Kelly R. McGuire

2009

Pavement Quarries, Gypsum Period Residential Stability, and Trans-Holocene Settlement Systems of the Mojave Desert: A Case Study at Fort Irwin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 29(2):121-143.

Byrn, Stephen, and Brian F. Byrd

2009

Mound Occupation in the South San Francisco Bay Area: The Yñigo Mound in Historical Context. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 1:82-88.

Eliyahu-Behar, Adi, Lior Regev, Sana Shilstein, Steve Weiner, Yiftah Shalev, Ilan Sharon, and John E. Berg

2009

Identifying a Roman Casting Pit at Tel Dor, Israel: Integrating Field and Laboratory Research. Journal of Field Archaeology 34(2):135-151.

Gilreath, Amy J.

2009

Gypsum Cave Revisited. Mini-report in In Situ 13(1). Newsletter of the Nevada Archaeological Association.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2009

Review of California Indians and Their Environment: An Introduction, Kent G. Lightfoot and Otis Parrish. California Archaeology 1(2):293-295.

Hildebrandt, William R., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Glenn Gmoser

2009

Shellfish Transport, Caloric Return Rates, and Prehistoric Feasting on the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Alta California. California Archaeology 1:55-78.

Montero, Carie S., and Jerome King

2009

TEA GIS Database. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 22.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey, and Jack Meyer

2009

TEA Geoarchaeological Study–the Potential for Buried Archaeological Sites in Central California Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 22.

Stevens, Nathan E., Jelmer W. Eerkens, Richard Fitzgerald, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Joanne E. Goodsell, and Jamie Doty

2009

Workaday Windmiller: Another Look at Early Horizon Lifeways in Central California Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 23.

Tankersley, Kenneth B., Brian Lane, Dean J. Wells, Christine Hamburg, and Andras Nagy

2009

Last Glacial Maximum Fauna from Great Saltpeter Cave, Kentucky. In Paleoenvironments: Vertebrates and Invertebrates. Current Research in the Pleistocene 26:177-180.

Waechter, Sharon A., and William W. Bloomer

2009

Tahoe Reach Revisited: The Latest Pleistocene/Early Holocene in the Tahoe Sierra. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 23.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2009

Are Deer Really Susceptible to Resource Depression? Modeling Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Populations under Human Predation. California Archaeology 1:93-108.

Gilreath, Amy J., and William R. Hildebrandt

2008

Coso Rock Art within its Archaeological Context. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 28(1):1-22.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2008

Review of Foragers of the Terminal Pleistocene in North America, edited by Renee B. Walker and Boyce N. Driskell. Journal of Field Archaeology 33:243-246.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2008

Incipient Aquaculture in Prehistoric California?: Long-Term Productivity and Sustainability vs. Immediate Returns for the Harvest of Marine Invertebrates. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4):1124-1123.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jelmer E. Eerkens, Amy M. Spurling, Eddie D. Smith, Michelle A. Degras

2008

Linguistic Boundaries as Barriers to Exchange in Northwestern California. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4):1104-1113.

Berna, Francesco, Adi Behar, Ruth Shahack-Gross, John E. Berg, Elisabetta Boaretto, Ayelet Gilboa, Ilan Sharon, Yiftah Shalev, Sariel Shilstein, Naama Yahalom-Mack, Jeffrey R. Zorn, and Steve Weiner

2007

Sediments Exposed to High Temperatures: Reconstructing Pyrotechnological Processes in Late Bronze and Iron Age Strata at Tel Dor (Israel). Journal of Archaeological Science 34(3):358-373.

Byerly, Ryan M.

2007

Paleopathology in Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Central Plains Bison: Dental Enamel Hypoplasia, Fluoride Toxicosis and the Archaeological Record. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(11):1847-1858.

Byerly, Ryan M., Judith R. Cooper, David J. Meltzer, Matthew E. Hill, and Jason M. LaBelle

2007

A Further Assessment of Paleoindian Site-Use at Bonfire Shelter. American Antiquity 72(7):373-381.

Duke, Daron, Timothy R. Carpenter, and David Page

2007

New Obsidian Hydration Findings Suggest the Use of Split-Stem Points by Great Basin Paleoindians. Current Research in the Pleistocene 24:80-82.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jeffrey R. Ferguson, Michael D. Glascock, Craig E. Skinner, and Sharon A. Waechter

2007

Reduction Strategies and Geochemical Characterization of Lithic Assemblages: A Comparison of Three Case Studies from Western North America. American Antiquity 72(3):585-597.

Eerkens, Jelmer, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, D. Craig Young, and Jerome H. King

2007

Early Holocene Landscape Archaeology in the Coso Basin, Northwestern Mojave Desert, California. North American Archaeologist 28(2):87-112.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2007

California Archaeology: Alive and Well. A Review of California Prehistory: Colonization, Culture, and Complexity, edited by Terry L. Jones and Kathryn A. Klar. American Antiquity 72(2):382-388.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2007

Costly Signaling and the Ascendance of No-Can-Do Archaeology: A Reply to Codding and Jones. American Antiquity 72(2):358-365.

Byrd, Brian F., and Stan Berryman

2006

Approaching Prehistory in the Future on MCB Camp Pendleton, Southern California. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:229-232.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2006

Prehistoric Pinyon Exploitation in the Southwest Great Basin: A View from the Coso Range. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 26(1):11-32.

Joslin, Terry L., Laura Leach-Palm, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2006

Prehistoric Plant Use in the Cuyama Valley: The Importance of Small Sites Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:168-172.

Meltzer, David J., John D. Seebach, and Ryan M. Byerly

2006

The Hot Tubb Folsom-Midland Site (41CR10), Texas. Plains Anthropologist 51(198):157-184.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2006

Excavations at CA-MNT-238, at Kirk Creek on the Big Sur Coast. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:220-228.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey

2006

When is an Olivella Bead? Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:128-131.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2006

Comment on “Ahead of the Game: Middle and Upper Palaeolithic Hunting Behaviors in the Southern Caucasus” by DS Adler et al. Current Anthropology 47(1):110.

 

Byerly, Ryan M., and David J. Meltzer

2005

Historic Period Faunal Remains from Mustang Springs on the Southern High Plains of West Texas. Plains Anthropologist 50(194):93-110.

Byerly, Ryan M., Judith R. Cooper, David J. Meltzer, Matthew E. Hill, and Jason M. LaBelle

2005

On Bonfire Shelter as a Paleoindian Bison Jump: An Assessment using GIS and Zooarchaeology. American Antiquity 70(4):595-629.

Byrd, Brian F.

2005

Early Village Life at Beidha, Jordan: Neolithic Spatial Organization and Vernacular Architecture. British Academy Monographs in Archaeology 12. Published for the Council for British Research in the Levant by Oxford University Press. ISBN 01972013-1.

2005

Reassessing the Emergence of Village Life in the Near East. Journal of Archaeological Research 13:231-290.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Gregory S. Herbert, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Howard J. Spero

2005

Provenance Analysis of Olivella biplicata Shell Beads from the California and Oregon Coast by Stable Isotope Fingerprinting. Journal of Archaeological Science 32:1501-1514.

Egeand, Charles P., and Ryan M. Byerly

2005

Application of Return Rates to Large Mammal Butchery and Transport among Hunter-Gatherers and its Implications for Plio-Pleistocene Hominid Carcass Foraging and Site Use. Journal of Taphonomy 3(3):135-158.

McGuire, Kelly R., and William R. Hildebrandt

2005

Re-Thinking Great Basin Foragers: Prestige Hunting and Costly Signaling During the Middle Archaic Period. American Antiquity 70(4):695-712.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2005

Thirty Years After: 1974 Excavations at Kirk Creek, CA-MNT-238, on the Big Sur Coast. Occasional Paper No. 18, San Luis Obispo County Archaeological Society San Luis Obispo, California.

Ruby, Allika

2005

Itinerant Industry: Nineteenth-century Charcoal Production in the Coso Mountains. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 18:176-180.

Slaughter, Mark C., Daron Duke, and Renee Kolvet

2005

Rockshelter Roof Sticks of Southern Nevada. Nevada Archaeologist 20&21:85-88.

Waechter, Sharon A.

2005

Late-Period Resource Intensification in Sierra Valley, Eastern Plumas County: A Response to the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 18:45-52.

Wohlgemuth, Eric

2005

The Medieval Climatic Anomaly and Central Sierra Foothill Prehistory. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology. 18:307-311.

 

Duke, Daron, D. Craig Young, and James A. Carter

2004

A Unique Example of Early Technology and Land Use in the Eastern Great Basin. Current Research in the Pleistocene 21:32-34.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2004

Are Obsidian Subsources Meaningful Units of Analysis?: Temporal and Spatial Patterning of Subsources in the Coso Volcanic Field, Southeastern California. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:21-29.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jerome H. King, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2004

The Prehistoric Development of Intensive Green-Cone Piñon Processing in Eastern California. Journal of Field Archaeology 29:17-27.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2004

Archaeological Discovery of Two Wooden Bows from the Coso Range, Inyo County, California. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 24(2):183-192.

King, Jerome

2004

Re-Examining Coso Obsidian Hydration Rates. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 14:135-142.

Meyer, Jack

2004

Featured Research: Recent Developments in California Geoarchaeology. The Geological Society of America Newsletter of the Archaeological Geology Division 26(2):5.

 

Brewster, A., B. F. Byrd, S. N. Reddy

2003

Cultural Landscapes of Coastal Foragers: An example of GIS and Drainage Catchment Analysis from Southern California. Journal of GIS in Archaeology 1:48-60.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2003

Large Game Hunting, Gender-Differentiated Work Organization, and the Role of Evolutionary Ecology in California and Great Basin Prehistory: A Reply to Broughton and Bayham. American Antiquity 68(4):790-792.

 

Broughton, Jack M., Dominique Rampton, and Kimberley L. Holanda

2002

A Test of an Osteologically-Based Age Determination Method in the Double-Crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus). Ibis 144:143-146.

Byrd, B. F., and S. N. Reddy

2002

Late Holocene Adaptations along the Northern San Diego Coastline: New Perspectives on Old Paradigms In Catalysts to Complexity: Late Holocene of the California Coast, edited by J. Erlandson and T. L. Jones, pp. 41-62. UCLA Press.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2002

Transition from Geophyte to Seed Processing: Evidence for Intensification from Thermal Features near China Lake, Northern Mojave Desert. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 38, Nos. 2 & 3:19-36.

Fitzgerald, Richard T., Jr., and William R. Hildebrandt

2002

Will the True Age of the Borax Lake Pattern Please Stand Up? The Archaeology of CA-HUM-573, an Early Holocene Site on the South End of Pilot Ridge, Humboldt County, California. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 15:1-7.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2002

The Ascendance of Hunting during the California Middle Archaic: An Evolutionary Perspective. American Antiquity 67(2):231-256.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

2002

Projectile Point Typology and Chronology in the North Central Sierra Nevada. North American Archaeologist 23(2):157-183.

Sharon, Ilan, John E. Berg, and B. Zilberstein

2002

The Water Supply System at Roman Dor. The Aqueducts of Israel. Journal of Roman Archaeology, The Aqueducts of Israel, Supplement 46, edited by D. Amit, Y. Hirschfeld, and Y. Patrich.

 

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., and Jack Meyer

2001

A Middle Holocene Olivella Wall-Bead Assemblage from Central California. Society for California Archaeology Newsletter 34(4).

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., William R. Hildebrandt, and Jerome H. King

2001

Donax Don’t Tell: Reassessing Late Holocene Land Use in Northern San Diego CountyJournal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 23(2):179-214.

 

Byrd, Brian F.

2000

Households in Transition: Neolithic Social Organization within Southwest Asia. In Life in Neolithic Farming Communities: Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation, edited by Ian Kuijt, pp. 63-98. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.

Gilreath, Amy J.

2000

Review of Glen Canyon: An Archaeological Summary by Jesse D. Jennings. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 22(1):164-166.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, and Deborah Jones

2000

Prehistoric Adaptations on the Shores of Morro Bay Estuary: A Report on Excavations at Site CA-SLO-165, Morro Bay, California. San Luis Obispo Archaeological Society Publications.

Published: Tufa Village (Nevada): Placing the Fort Sage Drift Fence in a Larger Archaeological Context.

Far Western is proud to present the publication of

Tufa Village (Nevada): Placing the Fort Sage Drift Fence in a Larger Archaeological Context.

By D. CRAIG YOUNG and WILLIAM R. HILDEBRANDT,

The 102nd edition of the Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History

The Fort Sage Drift Fence is one of the largest pre-Contact rock features known in the Great Basin, and appears to date between 3700 and 1000 cal B.P. When Lori Pendleton and David Hurst Thomas (1983) first recorded the 2 km long complex, they were impressed by its sheer size and the amount of labor required to build it. This led them to hypothesize that it must have been constructed, maintained, and used by specialized groups associated with a centralized, village-based settlement system—a system that was not recognized in the archaeological record at that time. Their hypothesis turned out to be quite insightful, as subsequent analyses of faunal remains and settlement pattern data have documented the rise of logistical hunting organization linked to higher levels of settlement stability between about 4500 and 1000 cal B.P. throughout much of the Great Basin. Although Pendleton and Thomas’ (1983) proposal has been borne out on a general, interregional level, it has never been evaluated with local archaeological data. This monograph remedies this situation through reporting the excavation findings from a nearby, contemporaneous house-pit village site. These findings allow us to place the drift fence within its larger settlement context, and provide additional archaeological support for the original Pendleton-Thomas hypothesis.

“Over the course of many years, long after encountering the little blue book by Pendleton and Thomas, I hiked the Fort Sage Mountains, bagging peaks, strolling along fans, and often walking the long, linear feature of the drift fence. When Bill and I had the good fortune to investigate Tufa Village—a site we’d discovered during a pipeline project—and given my occasional and long-time collaboration with Bryan Hockett and Jim Carter (and many others) on expansive constructed features like the drift fence, our thoughts soon turned to tying our ideas of Middle Archaic settlement and social patterns to a specific setting, and thereby connecting, in a way, the village with the fence. It was a pleasure to work with Bill to take the seminal work of Pendleton and Thomas another small step forward.” – D. Craig Young

Dedication

Jim Carter, to whom this work is dedicated, continually encouraged our pursuits and motivated us to always consider the bigger picture.

Acknowledgments

Archaeological investigations surrounding Tufa Village epitomize the nexus of responsible development, public land management, technical proficiency, scientific inquiry, and critical review that results in this concise treatise on a significant aspect of Great Basin prehistory. These connections are made possible through the hard work and cooperation of many groups and individuals. We appreciate Vidler Water Company for allowing us to work along their pipeline right-of-way; Jim Hutchins, archaeologist at Vidler, provided a great opportunity to continue our work in the region.

Jim Carter, to whom this work is dedicated, guided our permitting process with the Carson City Field Office of the Bureau of Land Management. Although we work in a regulatory environment, Jim continually encouraged our pursuits and motivated us to always consider the bigger picture. We similarly appreciate the assistance of Rebecca Palmer of the Nevada State Historic Preservation Office, and Gene Hattori and the Nevada State Museum, for facilitating our research plans and allowing access to previous artifact collections. Thanks also to the tribal representatives from the Reno-Sparks Indian Colony and the Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California for assisting during all phases of our project.

Our excavation teams included Allen McCabe, Steven Neidig, Michael Darcangelo, Sarah Rice, Jerry Tarner, Neil Puckett, Thomas Martin, Maurine Kick, Bill Leyva, Andrea Nardin, Kyle Ross, Priscilla Taylor, Kristen Revell, Anna Starkey, and Hirschel Beail. We have benefited from the technical savvy of our laboratory and analytical team of Kim Carpenter, Eric Wohlgemuth, Daron Duke, Richard Hughes, Tim Carpenter, Kaely Colligan, and Jill Eubanks.
Our effort is only realized through the exceptional efforts of our graphic arts and publication team led by Nicole Birney. She relies on the talents of Tammara Norton, Kathleen Montgomery, and Michael Pardee. Kathy Davis provided editorial consistency. Special thanks go to each of you. We also appreciate the kind collaboration between Nicole and everyone at the American Museum of Natural History.

 


The Anthropological Papers is a monograph series that has been publishing important anthropological and archaeological studies for over 100 years, continuously since 1907

The series focuses on large-scale studies with national and international significance, geared toward a professional, scientific audience. It is distributed to every significant research library in the country, and many international facilities as well. 

In one of the most prestigious outlets in the world, the publication demonstrates Far Western’s world-class research. The Anthropological Papers allows Far Western to reach a very large audience—an audience which wouldn’t be reached otherwise.

 

All issues of Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History are available on the web from:
http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace

Order printed copies on the web from:
https://shop.amnh.org/ap102-2017-tufa-village-nevada-placing-the-fort-sage-drift-fence-in-a-larger-archaeological-context.html

or via standard mail from:
American Museum of Natural History—Scientific Publications
Central Park West at 79th Street
New York, NY 10024

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Published: Prehistory of Nevada’s Northern Tier
American Museum of Natural History Anthropological Papers
Number 101

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Far Western is proud to present the publication of

Prehistory of Nevada’s Northern Tier: Archaeological Investigations along the Ruby Pipeline

By WILLIAM R. HILDEBRANDT,
KELLY R. MCGUIRE, JEROME KING, ALLIKA RUBY, and D. CRAIG YOUNG


With Contributions by David Rhode, Jeffrey Rosenthal, Pat Barker, Kaely Colligan, William Bloomer, Albert Garner, Nathan Stevens, Andrew Ugan, Kimberley Carpenter, Laura Brink, Sharon Waechter, Richard Hughes, Tom Origer, Sharlyn Street, and Wendy Pierce.

The 101st edition of the Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History

The Anthropological Papers is a monograph series that has been publishing important anthropological and archaeological studies for over 100 years, continuously since 1907. Noteworthy scholars that have contributed to the series include Franz Boas (often considered the father of American anthropology), Robert Lowie, Alfred Kroeber, Pliny Earle Goddard, Clark Wissler, Margaret Mead, David Hurst Thomas, and Robert Bettinger.

The series focuses on large-scale studies with national and international significance, geared toward a professional, scientific audience. It is distributed to every significant research library in the country, and many international facilities as well. It is now available online.

In one of the most prestigious outlets in the world, the publication demonstrates Far Western’s world-class research. The Anthropological Papers allows Far Western to reach a very large audience—an audience which wouldn’t be reached otherwise.

spread500

All issues of Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History are available on the web from:
http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace

Order printed copies on the web from:
http://shop.amnh.org/a701/ap101-2016-prehistory-of-nevada-s-northern-tier.html

or via standard mail from:
American Museum of Natural History—Scientific Publications
Central Park West at 79th Street
New York, NY 10024

Abstract
Prehistory in Nevada's Northern Tier: Archaeological Investigations along the Ruby Pipeline
The Ruby Pipeline originates in Opal, Wyoming, travels westward across Utah and Nevada, and terminates in Malin, Oregon. Almost 360 miles of the line is in Nevada, where it crosses through some of the most remote, sparsely populated land in the lower 48 states. Despite the remote nature of this corridor, it has produced a rich archaeological record reflecting a dynamic history of land-use pattern changes over a period of at least 13,000 years. Archaeological excavations were conducted at 578 prehistoric sites prior to construction of the pipeline. The sites were distributed across four ecological regions, including (from west to east): the High Rock Country, Upper Lahontan Basin, Upper Humboldt Plains, and Thousand Springs Valley. First evidence of human occupation dates to the Paleoindian (14,500-12,800 cal b.p.) and Paleoarchaic (12,800-7800 cal b.p.) periods, when people spent most of their time in the High Rock Country where important economic resources reached their highest densities. Paleoindian findings are limited to a series of Great Basin Concave Base projectile points and small obsidian flaked stone concentrations. Paleoarchaic sites are much more common, and tend to be represented by Great Basin Stemmed projectile points, bifaces, and a limited number of other flaked stone tools. Most of these assemblages reflect small groups of hunters refurbishing their tool kits as they traveled through the area. An important exception to this pattern was found at Five Mile Flat along the west end of pluvial Lake Parman where two significant habitation sites dating to 11,180 cal b.p. were discovered. One of these sites includes a house floor, which is the oldest ever found in the Great Basin. Despite the warm-dry conditions that characterized much of the middle Holocene, it appears that human populations nearly doubled during the Post-Mazama Period (7800-5700 cal b.p.). Most activity remained concentrated in the High Rock Country, but evidence for occupation begins to trickle out into the Upper Lahontan Basin and Upper Humboldt Plains regions as well. Most of the artifact assemblages remain rather narrow, often composed of Northern Side-notched and Humboldt Concave Base points, bifaces, and debitage, and reflect use of the region by mobile groups of hunters. Major changes took place with the arrival of the Early Archaic (5700-3800 cal b.p.) and continued forward into the Middle Archaic Period (3800-1300 cal b.p.). Early Archaic projectile points are largely represented by Humboldt and Gatecliff forms. It appears that population densities increased almost fourfold from the preceding interval, and all four regions experienced significant occupation for the first time. Simultaneous to this population increase and dispersal, a full complement of site types began to emerge, with large-scale residential areas becoming significant for the first time. This trend continued forward into the Middle Archaic Period where the relative frequency of residential sites almost doubled compared with the Early Archaic interval. Plant macrofossil and archaeofaunal assemblages also become more abundant and diversified at this time, probably marking a broadening of the diet breadth. This general trajectory extends into the Late Archaic (1300-600 cal b.p.) and Terminal Prehistoric periods, as people continued to expand into a wider range of habitats. This was particularly case for the latter interval, as the habitat preferences that made sense for over 12,000 years were upended, with population densities highest in the Upper Humboldt Plains and Thousand Springs Valley. This reorientation corresponds to the arrival of Numic speaking populations, especially the Western Shoshone who appear to have reached northern Nevada much earlier than the Northern Paiute, and is probably linked to a greater emphasis on small-seeded plants that are abundantly present in their territory. Although low ranked compared to many other foods, with the proper technology and work organization, small seeds could support higher population densities than was the case earlier in time. Finally, the discovery of obsidian in multiple Terminal Prehistoric sites from sources located much further away than any other time in the past may signal the earliest use of horses in northern Nevada.
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