Search Results for: lucas martindale johnson

Lucas R. Martindale Johnson, PhD

Lucas Martindale Johnson Feature Image

Lucas Martindale Johnson

Lucas is a Senior Archaeologist and specializes in lithic analysis of Amerindian peoples. Lucas has earned a B.A. (2001), an M.A. (2008) in anthropology from the University of Central Florida and a Ph.D. (2016) in anthropology at the University of Florida. Lucas gained extensive experience in lithic analysis through fieldwork and lab work with Far Western starting in 2002, as well as with the Caracol Archaeological Project in Belize, Central America. His research in Belize is concerned with the technical and social aspects of lithic craft production in terms of raw material sourcing using X-Ray Florescence, standardized practice in both obsidian and chert tool production, distribution of crafts and finished lithic tools, and their context of use. His dissertation project focuses on the entire obsidian assemblage collected during 32 years of archaeological investigation throughout Caracol, Belize during the Classic period (AD 250–900) to better understand the organization of market and non-market exchange of imported obsidian. He has contributed to the presentation of archaeological finds through his illustration and drafting skills at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico, and Caracol, Belize.

While maintaining research interests throughout Mexico and Central America, Lucas is actively involved in Far Western’s laboratory research and analysis of lithic artifacts as well as curation of site collections. This work contributes to Lucas’s goal of more broadly understanding how lithic crafting technology and exchange was an active part of everyday life for Amerindian identity formation and therefore an essential component of heritage management.

 

Inventory
Evaluation and Testing
Effects Mitigation
Geoarchaeology
Sensivity and Constraints
Environmental Planning Support
GIS and Cartography
Monitoring
Public Outreach and Interpretation

Lucas’ Key Projects

  • Camp Pendleton Survey Project
  • The Buttes Project
  • Gray’s Crossing

Lucas’ Featured Publications

Johnson, Lisa M., James Crandall, and Lucas R. Martindale Johnson

2015

From Vision to Cosmovision: Memory and the Senses in the Creation of Maya Ritual Space. Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 31(1):73–82

Marino, Marc D., Lucas R. Martindale Johnson, and Nathan J. Meissner

2015

Chapter 13: Postclassic Tool Production at Santa Rita Corozal: Implications for Domestic Craft Production and Regional Exchange of Flaked Stone. In Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay, edited by Debra S. Walker. University of Florida Press, Gainsville, Florida.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R.

2014

Standardized Lithic Technology and Crafting at the “Gateway Group” from Caracol, Belize: Implications for Maya Household Archaeology. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 11:91–87.

X-ray Fluorescence Sourcing

Far Western now offers X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) trace element analysis, using Bruker Tracer III SD portable XRF instruments. We focus on identification of geochemical signatures for determining geological provenance, or source location, for archaeological toolstones. We maintain an extensive source library of obsidian and fine-grained volcanic rocks from the western United States, along with USGS geologic standards, to provide calibration. Far Western is committed to providing high-quality, reproducible, and publishable-quality results, following strict methodological protocols to ensure that our results are both precise and accurate.

Methods

Trace-element concentrations for the elements managanese, iron, zinc, rubidium, strontium, yttrium, zirconium, and niobium are generated with the MURR-2 matrix-specific calibration, developed by Bruker Elemental in collaboration with the University of Missouri Research Reactor or MURR (Glascock and Ferguson 2012; Speakman 2012). This factory-installed calibration is based on analysis of 40 samples of unmodified obsidian and fine-grained volcanic rock from around the world, chosen by Bruker and MURR to represent the range of trace-element concentrations known to occur in these materials. As in traditional full-sized or desktop instruments, source assignments may be made for artifacts as thin, or in some cases thinner than, 1.5 millimeters. For inter-lab consistency, we report independently measured trace-element concentrations with standard deviations for RGM-2, a USGS international rock standard.

Glascock, Mike, and Jeff Ferguson

2012

Report on the Analysis of Obsidian Source Samples by Multiple Analytical Methods. University of Missouri Research Reactor, Columbia. 

Speakman, Robert J.

2012

Evaluation of Bruker’s Tracer Family Factory Obsidian Calibration for Handheld Portable XRF Studies of Obsidian. Prepared for Bruker AXS, Kennewick, Washington.

Pricing
  • $25 per sample
  • 2-4 week turnaround
  • Electronic report with data tables
  • $300 minimum charge.

In-field sourcing is also available.  Call ahead to discuss price and schedule. Please contact Lucas Martindale Johnson with any questions. Email lucas@farwestern.com 

Product Example
Far Western XRF Team:

Daron Duke, PhD; Lucas Martindale Johnson, PhD; and Kathy Davis, BA

Far Western Receives 2017 Governor’s Historic Preservation Award

Far Western receives one of the coveted 2017 Governor’s Historic Preservation Awards for their work at archaeological site CA-SBA-1703, resulting in the document Salvaging the Past: A Case Study in Archaeological Inquiry. The California Office of Historic Preservation and State Parks and Recreation identified the document as an “excellent model for this kind of documentation and sharing of important resources.”

The report, authored by Allika Ruby and Patricia Mikkelsen, was a collaborative effort. Supporting authors included Philip Kaijankoski, Eric Wohlgemuth, Angela Arpaia, Lucas Martindale Johnson, Andrew Ugan, William Hildebrandt, John R. Johnson, and Nathan Stevens. Terry Joslin with the California Department of Transportation was involved throughout, as were Barbareño Chumash representatives who monitored all excavation work—Gilbert Unzueta, Isa Folkes, and David Dias.

Project Background

Salvaging the Past: A Case Study in Archaeological Inquiry 

The Las Vegas and San Pedro Creeks Capacity Improvements Project involved culvert replacement for flood control along US Route 101 near the city of Goleta, Santa Barbara County. A huge box culvert lay in a rechanneled drainage, stretching under railroad tracks, multi-lane Route 101, and an off-ramp. There were also two known sites either side of the highway, in a very urban environment, one occupied early in time—CA-SBA-1703—the other a named ethnographic village—S’axpilil’s (SBA-60). The sites are just north of Goleta Slough at the confluence of two creeks, an area with archaeological evidence shoring focused settlement for thousands of years.

Far Western was tasked with conducting salvage data recovery operations, within time, budget, weather, and safety constraints. The theme of the work became site persistence—

How could any intact cultural deposits survive in such an environment?

Through experience and skill, geoarchaeologist Phil Kaijankoski identified intact versus disturbed deposits. We then quickly developed a work plan to recover maximum information in a hectic environment using appropriate and diverse field techniques.

Back at the lab, we analyzed and interpreted the data, focusing on the identification of discrete temporal components. We had to determine if the deposit was associated with SBA-60 or SBA-1703; it was geographically right in-between. Geoarchaeologist Kaijankoski noted that the newly identified deposit lay on an ancient fan, as did SBA-1703, whereas SBA-60 sat on a youthful floodplain. Initial dating and artifact analyses confirmed the site deposit on the western slope was clearly associated with the older occupation at SBA-1703, dated to around 3700-2400 cal BP. A few Late Period artifacts, especially in the mixed eastern slope, indicated some overlap between the two sites.

Whistle with Asphaltum-embedded Shell. Post-900 cal BP.  Click image to view in 3D!

Public Outreach Efforts

Given diverse, abundant artifacts, along with intact features, Far Western was able to undertake in-depth analyses and focus on addressing current avenues of research. The data presentation was geared to students of cultural resource management as the project highlighted the persistence of intact cultural resources in highly disturbed environment, and innovative methods to retrieve, analyze, and document findings.

The project presented such an important learning opportunity, that Far Western felt obligated to share it as much as possible, in a format that was readable, educational, and exciting. Therefore, a visually appealing document specifically geared to archaeology students focusing on cultural resources management and contract archaeology was created.

It includes:

  • perspectives on site preservation in an urban environment
  • excavation strategies adapting to special conditions
  • local and regional environmental reconstruction focusing on Goleta Slough
  • relevance to biological, geological, archaeological, and 
  • environmental studies
  • complex kinship studies based on mission records that connect Chumash individuals from the village of S’axpilil’s to Chumash rancherias
  • innovative field techniques that adjust for conditions and findings and emphasize the importance of temporal components
  • an in-depth study of geoarchaeology, noting the importance of a study of soils and soil transitions, is important to geologists and archaeologists.

Study questions were also prepared, relating to important aspects of the field work and research. Far Western provided the report and study questions to seven regional institutions to be incorporated into lesson plans; they have already been used in several classroom settings, with positive feedback.

Another key component of the project was the presence of the local Native American community. The monitors were provided copies of the case study; each encouraged the use of Salvaging the Past in archaeology classrooms. The ethnographic studies of Dr. John R. Johnson for this project emphasize the larger social network that existed at the time. This information is only available from extensive mission record studies.

 
 
 

Far Westerner Gets Grant from National Science Foundation

Lucas-and-Lisa-720

Lucas Martindale Johnson, Senior Archaeologist at Far Western and Ph.D. candidate at the University of Florida, received a Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant from the National Science Foundation.

Congratulations to Lucas Martindale Johnson for receiving a grant from the National Science Foundation for his research on ancient Maya flaked tool artifacts!

Find out more about Lucas’ upcoming research at the National Science Foundation website and his past research and scientific illustrations at Academia.edu.

Read the research abstract below!

Dissertation Research on Ancient Maya Obsidian Artifacts from Caracol, Belize

Social scientists continue to explore the processes by which raw materials and crafted objects move about in complex webs of political economic exchange. The evolution of exchange networks underscores the need to know how people construct their identity through consumption. Therefore, there is an increasing interest within archaeology to explore the presence of pre-capitalist market exchange in ancient states, and to question how these institutions structured material value, consumer communities, cities, and states. Situated within this broader context, the project will investigate the processes of how regional trade, state exchange, and household identity changed with the advent of marketplaces within a pre-Columbian urban cityscape in Belize, Central America. Through analyses of obsidian (volcanic glass) artifacts – a durable and economically vital stone material – this research will (1) reconstruct and trace their movement from distant raw material sources into the exchange network of a major urban center; (2) determine how obsidian was distributed to the population through regulated or unregulated political controls; and (3) explore how the crafting and exchange of obsidian helped to construct and concretize a shared local identity that endured for centuries. As crafted materials circulate, they expose political/economic/social mechanisms that provision consumers (e.g., market and/or gift exchange). Archaeology has a unique historicized perspective to study the cultural and socioeconomic value of certain objects and materials within different cultural groups as they were exchanged over vast distances. The data generated will enable the emergence of a comprehensive picture in which a study of materials exposes different societal dynamics. The research also encourages an increased collaboration whereby archaeologists as material analysts can expand technical student training through the open sharing of research methods and data.
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Under the guidance of Dr. Steven Brandt (University of Florida), Dr. Diane Chase, and Dr. Arlen Chase (University of Central Florida), Lucas Martindale Johnson will investigate ancient Maya regional obsidian exchange, craft production, ritual and daily events, and the communities that carried out such actions at the ancient Maya site of Caracol, Belize. Research at this ancient Maya city-state provides an ideal setting to demonstrate how a study of obsidian explores regional connections to distant obsidian-rich locations in the highlands of modern day Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras and the economic mechanisms by which the general population were provisioned. By sourcing obsidian to chemically unique geological locations, the project will discover the distance and the different social and physical pathways materials traveled before arriving at a craft production site. By conducting a sourcing analysis in which elemental composition is ascertained through the use of a portable X-ray fluorescence machine, this project will determine trade routes and regional connections. At a later date within the city of Caracol, local household consumers obtained obsidian crafts to for use as casual tools and/or ritualized materials. Caracol’s crafting and internal exchange mechanisms will be studied by mapping artifact distributions at more than 200 ancient Maya households spread over nearly 170 square kilometers (65 square miles). Through mapping artifact distributions, this research will explore how crafting and craft exchange may or may not have been controlled by the politically and economically powerful, as well as investigate how identities are produced through the production and use of obsidian artifacts.

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San Francisco SAA 80th Meeting Successes

Far Western at SAA Meeting

Laura Brink and Stephanie Bennett at the Far Western table for the 80th Annual SAA Meeting.


The Society for American Archaeology (SAA) met in San Francisco for their 80th Annual Meeting – their largest meeting yet! The SAA is an international organization dedicated to the research, interpretation, and protection of the archaeological heritage for the Americas. This year, Far Western was well-represented with many successful presentations, including the opening session, and poster sessions. Learn more about the Society for American Archaeology HERE.

Use the buttons below to see abstracts from Far Western presentations and collaborations!

Angela Arpaia
Plant Remains Assemblage in Santa Clara Valley

Angela Arpaia

The Santa Clara Valley has an archaeobotanical record that spans from the central California Early, Middle, and Late periods. Sites CA-SCL-12, -478, -674, and -919 have robust plant remains assemblages from distinct periods that can be used to evaluate change in plant use and land management practices. Temporal context and habitat will be compared for each site to understand variation in plant diversity and intensification.

Laura Brink
Reconstructing Mobility in the San Francisco Bay Area: Strontium and Oxygen Isotope Analysis at Two California Late Period Sites, CA-CCO-297 and CA-SCL-919

Laura Brink, Jelmer Eerkens (UC Davis), Alex DeGeorgey (Alta Archaeological Consulting), and Jeff Rosenthal

Analysis at two California Late Period sites, CA-CCO-297 and CA-SCL-919 Stable isotope analysis can reconstruct individual mobility of prehistoric California on a scale that can distinguish movement between different parts of the San Francisco Bay Area. This study uses strontium and oxygen isotope analysis to compare individual mobility patterns of two Late Period sites, CA-CCO-297 and CA-SCL-919. Three life stages are used for comparison, including early childhood from first molars, early adolescence from third molars, and adulthood/time of death from bone. Isotopic ratios from bone resulted in consistent and site-specific signatures for both sites, while enamel ratios were much more variable, suggesting higher mobility during childhood and adolescence than during adulthood. CA-SCL-919 is composed mainly of non-local individuals born in a wide variety of locations, while many individuals interred at CA-CCO-297 were born locally. Both sites revealed mobility shifts from childhood to adolescence, possibly due to post- or pre-martial residence changes. The data also suggest sexual differences in movement patterns, which may inform on post-marital residence patterns. This work gives insight into ancient kinship organization in the San Francisco Bay Area, differentiates site-specific mobility patterns from life-history mobility signatures, and provides testable hypotheses on the structure of post-marital residence patterns during the Late Period of the San Francisco Bay Area.

Ryan Byerly
Geochemical and Physical Characterization of Lithic Raw Materials in the Olduvai Basin, Tanzania

Fitzgerald, Curran (Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro), Charles Egeland (Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina), Ryan Byerly, Cynthia Fadem (Department of Geology, Earlham College), and Audax Mabulla (Archaeology Unit, University of Dar es Salaam)

The study of raw materials has traditionally been deeply embedded in analyses of the Early Stone Age, and the impact of source rock characteristics on early human ranging behavior and technological variation is now widely acknowledged. Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, apart from being one of the most well-known paleoanthropological sites in the world, is also home to a great diversity of potential sources for the production of stone tools. While the lithology and mineralogy of these sources have been well described, quantitative data on inter- and intra-source geochemical and physical characteristics are still rare, which makes it difficult to rigorously test models of early human home ranges and raw material selectivity. This project reports preliminary quantitative studies of variation in the geochemical (via portable x-ray fluorescence) and physical (via standard engineering tools) characteristics of primary and secondary rock sources that presumably served as important supplies of toolstone for Early Pleistocene hominins at Olduvai Gorge.

Brian Byrd
The Neolithic Houses of California – An Ethnohistoric Comparative Perspective on Household and Community Organization among Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Brian Byrd

The talk addressed the built environment of complex hunter-gatherer villages of the contact period in California. Although not agriculturalists, they constitute one of the most diverse and well-documented amalgam of complex hunter-gatherers in the world. The study explores the interrelationship between vernacular architecture, households, community organization, and their socio-economic underpinnings. In doing so, highlighted case studies will include the Chumash of coastal southern California, the Patwin of central California, and the Wintu of northern California. Finally, consideration is given to the potential for ethnohistoric vernacular architecture of California hunter-gatherers to provide insight into fundamental variables in the development of Neolithic households worldwide.

Brian Byrd
Wadi Madamagh, Western Highlands of Jordan: Lithic Evidence from the Late Upper Paleolithic and Early Epipaleolithic Occupations

Olszewski, Deborah (University of Pennsylvania), Maysoon al-Nahar (University of Jordan), Daniel Schyle (University of Cologne), and Brian Byrd

Wadi Madamagh, a small rockshelter in the Petra region of the Western Highlands of Jordan, contained high-density deposits of the Late Upper Paleolithic and the Early Epipaleolithic periods. It was first excavated in 1956 by D. Kirkbride, who placed two trenches into the site and briefly reported on the lithics, which have since been studied in detail (B. F. Byrd). A small test along one of Kirkbride’s trenches was conducted in 1983 (D. Schyle), and more intensive excavations were pursued in 2011 (D. I. Olszewski and M. al-Nahar, as well as D. Schyle). As a result of decades of exposure due to the open trenches left by Kirkbride, the remaining deposits at Wadi Madamagh are unfortunately quite limited, especially those of the Early Epipaleolithic. In this paper, we address this issue in part by combining data from the lithic assemblages recovered from all three excavation seasons. This is thus the first comprehensive examination of the stone artifacts recovered from this site. It examines their significance for understanding the behavioral strategies of Late Upper Paleolithic and Early Epipaleolithic hunter-gatherer-foragers in this part of the Levantine Middle East.

Daron Duke
Haskett Spear Points and the Plausibility of Megafaunal Hunting in the Great Basin

Daron Duke

Recent Haskett projectile point finds from western Utah’s Great Salt Lake Desert provide a compelling case for megafaunal hunting in the Great Basin, a region that stands out in North America for its lack of direct evidence. The Haskett style is likely the oldest representative of the Western Stemmed series of projectile points, and radiocarbon age estimates on black mat organics at the locality suggest a date range between ca. 12,000 and 13,000 cal BP. In this paper, an argument for megafaunal hunting is constructed for critical examination against alternatives. Images and technological attributes for the collection are presented, including one 22.6-centimeter specimen that is the longest Haskett point documented archaeologically and another that tested positive to proboscidean antiserum via protein residue analysis.

Tod Hildebrandt
Divergent Histories: Prehistoric Use of Alpine Habitats in the Toquima and Toiyabe Ranges, Central Great Basin

Tod Hildebrandt

Alpine villages are extremely rare in the Great Basin. To date, villages located at elevations above 10,000 feet are only known to occur in the White Mountains and the Toquima Range. Demographic forcing and climatic change has been used to explain the existence of these villages, but these propositions do not identify more specific selective pressures that led to the establishment of high elevation villages in some ranges but not others. Comparison of artifact distributions and environmental structure in the Toquima Range, where a village exists, and the Toiyabe Range, where one does not, supports the notion that alpine villages may have been subsidized by intensive exploitation of mid-elevation pinyon groves associated with low-cost travel corridors, which facilitated transport of pine nuts to upland village locations. This study also reveals that limber pine may have played a role in alpine village subsistence, and identifies the need for further research on the value of this resource.

William Hildebrandt and Kelly McGuire
Middle Archaic Expansion into High Elevation Habitats: A View from the Southwestern Great Basin

William Hildebrandt and Kelly McGuire

Several researchers have hypothesized that high elevation habitats were not intensively used until after 4000 cal BP when lowland settlements became more stable and logistical hunting organization emerged. This paper evaluates this hypothesis by comparing the relative frequency of Pinto versus Elko/Humboldt series projectile points across a variety of lowland and upland settings in the White Mountains/Owens Valley area.

Philip Kiajankoski, Jack Meyer, and Paul Brandy
A Land Transformed: Holocene Sea-Level Rise, Landscape Evolution, and Human Occupation in the San Francisco Bay Area

Philip Kiajankoski, Jack Meyer, and Paul Brandy

Occupation in the San Francisco Bay Area The effects of landscape evolution on the archaeological record of the San Francisco Bay Area have been profound, primarily due to rising sea levels. These changes are illustrated through a trans Holocene “tour” of the bay that incorporates the landscape context of many sites featured in subsequent papers. For the region’s first inhabitants, this area was a vast inland valley rather than the state’s largest estuary. The Holocene transgression is illustrated utilizing a new sea-level curve developed for region, which is based on an analysis of over three hundred radiocarbon dates from marsh deposits in the bay and delta. This curve is used to reconstruct the extent of the bay at various times in the past, illustrating just how much of the landscape once available for prehistoric human populations is now submerged. The terrestrial response to rising sea levels during the latter portion of the Holocene included infilling of formerly incised stream channels, alluvial deposition on surrounding floodplains, and the formation of extensive wetlands and dune fields, as illustrated by recent geoarchaeological studies from the region. These examples show how large-scale landscape changes structured the region’s archaeological record, and likely explain why the early portions of California’s past are poorly represented.

Lucas Martindale Johnson
Preliminary Interpretations of the Reduction Technology and Distribution of Obsidian Cores at Caracol, Belize: Learning to Reconsider Maya “Eccentrics” and Social Relations of Ritual Objects

Lucas Martindale Johnson

To the uninitiated, Maya “eccentrics” are vague archaeological labels applied to flaked obsidian objects placed in ritual caches during the Classic Period (AD 250-800). Although labels of humanoid, deity, animal-like, or other shaped objects are often unclear, lithics analysts have tried to define eccentrics based on technological attributes to enable comparisons between contexts, sites, and regions. Those studies that reconstruct a complex chaîne opératoire demonstrate many eccentrics had a dynamic socio-technological biography prior to their deposition in ritualized contexts. After 30 years of systematic investigations, the Caracol Archaeological Project has recovered many ritual cache deposits of Maya “eccentrics”. Caracol eccentrics are typically terminated or disabled exhausted polyhedral blade cores, but can also be broadened to include (modified) macro-core shaping flakes/blades, platform preparation, and core rejuvenation debitage – all those objects that help to create and maintain, a socio-technological blade industry. The broad household ritualization of these objects through specific crafting acts demonstrates that non-blade objects were essential to social relations between obsidian crafters and socially diverse household ritual practitioners. This paper defines these ritualized objects technologically to highlight the performative production by obsidian crafters and presents their distributions at households to understand their circulation to non-crafters for use in household ritual events.

Jack Meyer
Holocene Transformation of San Francisco Bay and Transbay Man Site Stratigraphy

Jack Meyer

San Francisco Bay was created by post-glacial sea-level rise during the span of prehistoric human occupation. The Bay is the single largest Pacific estuary in the Americas (4,160 square kilometers) and is the outlet for California’s largest freshwater drainage system that carries 40% of the state’s runoff. The earliest known evidence of widespread human use of the estuary or tidal resources in the Bay Area first appears at shell midden sites located around the Bay in the middle Holocene (6300-4600 cal BP). Recently, however, an intact human skeleton (“Transbay Man”) was found at an elevation of 12.8 meters (42 feet) below sea level in downtown San Francisco, which is the fourth, and oldest (~7600 cal BP) such skeleton recovered from a submerged context in the region. The stratigraphic sequence and paleoenvironmental context of this rare and unusual find are examined in relation to Holocene sea-level rise and landscape changes that transformed the Bay Area into an ideal place for prehistoric human settlement.

Michelle Rich
From A Forest of Kings to the Forests of Peten: The Mirador Group at El Perú-Waka'

Michelle Rich

More than 10 years of research at El Perú-Waka’, carried out under the co-direction of David Freidel and several Guatemalan collaborators, has resulted in a wealth of information about this ancient city and the role its rulers and residents played in the Classic Maya world. Enhanced through his work with Linda Schele, Freidel’s persistent focus on the interplay between ancient history and archaeology—on stelae, buildings, and people—has shaped research at Waka’, located in Guatemala’s Laguna del Tigre National Park. The Mirador Group, one of the site’s principal civic ceremonial settings, was an initial focus for the El Perú-Waka’ Regional Archaeological Project. While the Mirador Group’s stelae are either blank or largely eroded, archaeological investigation of the monumental architecture has shed light on topics explored in A Forest of Kings, including the role of Teotihuacan, Tikal, and Calakmul in Classic period interactions. This paper will explore Waka’s involvement in these relationships, particularly as evidenced by the Mirador Group’s royal interments and the narrative figurine scene depicting an elaborate courtly ritual.

Nathan Stevens and Jeffrey Rosenthal
Geology, Historical Contingency, and Ecological Inheritance in California's Southern Sierra Nevada

Nathan Stevens and Jeffrey Rosenthal

The Late prehistoric archaeological record of the Southern Sierra Nevada can be distilled down to two very visible elements: bedrock mortars and obsidian. Both were imported from outside the area, with obsidian coming from the east and the idea of the bedrock mortar coming from the west. We argue that the presence of transported obsidian, much of it deposited prior to 1000 cal BP, and the later establishment of bedrock mortars encouraged more persistent use of this landscape. We see this as an example of the downstream effects of niche construction.

Adrian Whitaker and Brian Byrd
An Ideal Free Settlement Perspective on Residential Positioning in the San Francisco Bay Area

Adrian Whitaker and Brian Byrd

We present an Ideal Free Distribution Model to explore the successful establishment and spread of hunter-gatherer residential settlements around the perimeter of San Francisco Bay, California. Our objective is to illuminate underlying ecological and social factors that best explain the spatial distribution of occupation in the region. Our model determines relative habitat suitability based on a series of environmental factors including drainage catchment size, rainfall, terrestrial productivity, and littoral productivity. In doing so, we also account for diachronic shifts in shoreline location and its impact on resource distribution. Then we test this model using a robust database of more than 500 prehistoric residential sites around the Bay (of which more than a third have produced chronological data), and ethnohistoric insights into settlement location by linguistic group. The talk concludes with consideration of the effect of social as well as ecological factors in structuring temporal trends in settlement configuration and subsistence strategies that formed the basis of this rich archaeological record.

Eric Wohlgemuth
Environmental Constraints and Plant Food Intensification in the Sacramento Valley

Eric Wohlgemuth

The Sacramento Valley bottom is a rich environment for faunal resources, notably fish, but lacks staple nut crops found elsewhere in interior central California. The absence of key nut resources appears to be the key factor in intensified production of geophytes and the early intensification of small seeds, especially Chenopodium spp. These features are absent in other regions in the rich archaeobotanical record of central California.

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Far Western Occasional Speaker Series

Far Western Speaker Series

The Far Western Speaker Series provides a forum where scholars can present their research, and discuss their ideas. Speakers and audience members are diverse, and include some of the top academics in the country, graduate students engaged in cutting-edge research, and archaeologists from the contracting world. Lectures are held at the Far Western Lab at 2727 Del Rio Place, Davis, CA 95618 from 5-7pm.

Selected Occasional Speaker Citations
Upcoming202020192018201720162015201420132012

Due to Covid-19, the Far Western Speaker Series has been canceled indefinitely. 

Tammara Norton

2020

Film: A Point in Time. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. January 2020.

 

Kevin Smith and Martijn Kuypers

2019

An Experimental Approach and Cautionary Note Regarding Manufacturing Strategies, Efficiency, and Lithic Use Wear Associated with Tule Canoe Production. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. June 2019.

Kate Magargal

2019

Wood fuel ecology in the Intermountain West. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 2019.

Todd Braje

2019

Confronting the Clovis-First Void: The Peopling of the Americas and Paleolandscapes of Submerged California. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 2019.

Chris Parker

2019

The Archaeological Consequences of Human Fire Use: Analyses, Interpretations, and Implications for Understanding the Evolution of Pyrotechnic Behaviors. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. January 2019.

 

November 14, 2018 – Thomas Whitley SSU

Carly Whelan

2018

An Acorn in the Hand is Worth Two in the Granary: Future Discounting and Food Storage in Prehistoric California. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 2018.

Randy Haas

2018

The Last Altiplano Foragers: Archaeology, Ethnoarchaeology, and Economics at 7000BP and 3800masl. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. March 2018.

Albert Gonzalez

2018

Excavating Latinidad: Archaeologies of Latinxs in the United States. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 2018.

Daron Duke

2018

The Paleoindian Archaeology of the Old River Bed Delta. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. January 2018.

 

Jack Meyer

2017

The Deep Archaeological Record of San Francisco Bay. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. November 2017.

Hadick, Kacey

2017

Innovations in Reality Capture Technologies for Heritage Sites + Virtual Reality Demonstration. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. October 2017.

Greenwald, Alexandra M.

2017

Parental Investment Strategies and Women’s Foraging Efficiency in Central California.Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. June 2017.

Jazwa, Christopher S.

2017

Settlement, Seasonality, and Climate on Santa Rosa Island, California. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. April 2017.

McGuire, Kelly

2017

The Potential Role of Geophytes, Digging Sticks, and Formed Flake Tools in the Western North American Paleoarchaic Expansion. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 2017.

Younie, Angela M.

2016

Two Early Sites in Alaska: a Dramatic Tale of Legacy Collections, Lithic Technology, and Community Perspectives in the Research of the First Americans. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. December 7, 2016.

Sullivan, Alan P.

2016

Fire Farming and Food Security in the Prehistoric Upland Southwest: Some Implications of New Evidence from the Grand Canyon Area. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. October 19, 2016.

Wisely, Justin

2016

Starch Grain Analysis of Bedrock Mortars in the Sierra Nevada Mountains: Experimental Studies to Determine their Function. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. September 21, 2016.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas

2016

Following the Movement of Stone: A Study of Ancient Maya Obsidian from Caracol, Belize. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 25, 2016.

Byerly, Ryan

2016

Toolstone Source Characterization in the Olduvai Basin, Tanzania. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. April 20, 2016.

Lambert, John M.

2016

Paleoindian Colonization of the Recently Deglaciated Great Lakes: Mobility and Technological Organization in Northern Wisconsin. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. March 30, 2016.

Higgins, Courtney

2016

Diving into Digital Data: A Look at 3-Dimensional Modeling Applications in Underwater Archaeology. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 24, 2016.

Hampson, Jamie

2015

Rock Art and Contested Identity. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. November 4, 2015.

Zwyns, Nicolas

2015

The Upper Paleolithic of Eurasian Steppe Belt: A View from Northern Mongolia. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. October 21, 2015.

Warnash, Scott

2015

Archaeology of the World Trade Center: Lessons Learned from Two Very Different Recovery Approaches. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. September 24, 2015.

Lenzi, Mike

2015

The Utility of Experimental Archaeology for Addressing Research Questions: A Case Study of Crescents from the Western United States. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. September 10, 2015.

Murphy, Laura R.

2015

Geoarchaology, Paleoenvironments, and Hunter-Gatherer Landscape Interactions: Case Studies from the Great Plains, USA. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. June 10, 2015.

Munson, Jessica

2015

Cultural Variation in Classic Maya Royal Rituals: A Lexical Perspective. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. April 29, 2015.

Scholnick, Jonathan B.

2015

Stylistic Patterns and Culture Change: Revisiting Eighteenth-century New England Gravestones. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. March 25, 2015.

Wohlgemuth, Eric

2015

Limits to the Central California Acorn Economy: Fine-grained Floral Findings from the Lower Sacramento Valley. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 25, 2015.

O’Connell, James F.

2015

Where Shall We Have Lunch? The First Colonization of Australia 48,000 Years Ago. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. January 22, 2015.

Smith, Kevin N.

2014

San Nicolas Island Fishhook Production. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. December 3, 2014.

Tremayne, Andrew H.

2014

The Origin and Development of Maritime Adaptations in Northern Alaska: An Ecological Perspective. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. November 19, 2014.

Whelan, Carly S.

2014

Hunter-Gatherer Storage and Settlement: A View from the Central Sierra Nevada. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 21, 2014.

Lightfoot, Kent

2014

The Anthropocene in California: An Eco-Archaeological Perspective. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 20, 2014.

Smith, Chelsea M.

2014

Stable Isotope Analysis to Reconstruct Dog and Fox Diet on San Nicolas Island. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. January 22, 2014.

Woodfill, Brent

2013

Community Engagement and Industrial Archaeology at a Classic-Period Maya City in Guatemala. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. December 3, 2013.

Ugan, Andrew, and Jeff Rosenthal

2013

Planorbids, People, and Paleolakes: Freshwater Molluscs and their Implications for Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Human Occupation of China Lake Basin, Western Mojave Desert. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. November 13, 2013.

Rich, Michelle

2013

El Perú-Waka’, Guatemala: Archaeological Research in a Classic Maya Kingdom. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. September 26, 2013.

Sandos, James A., and Patricia B. Sandos

2013

Mapping Social and Cultural Change at a California Mission: San Jose, 1797-1840. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. August 22, 2013.

Eerkins, Jelmer

2013

Why Fishing and Hunting Matter: Health and Diet in Prehistoric Central California. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 15, 2013.

Barker, Pat

2013

Animal Imagery in European Ice Age Cave Art. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. March 20, 2013.

Costello, Julia

2013

Summer in Tyre, Southern Lebanon. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 27, 2013.

Bartelink, Eric

2012

Forensic Anthropology: Past, Present, and Future. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. December 5, 2012.

Bettinger, Robert

2012

Hunter-Gatherer Origins of Millet Agriculture in China. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. November 13, 2012.

Bartelink, Eric

2012

Interpersonal Violence in the Prehistoric San Francisco Bay Area. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. June 6, 2012.

Stevens, Nathan

2012

Technological Plasticity and Cultural Evolution Along the Central Coast in California. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 29, 2012.

Darwent, John

2012

Beach Ridge Archaeology on Cape Espenberg, Alaska. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. May 16, 2012.

Garvey, Raven

2012

Saying Uncle to Mother Nature: The Middle Holocene in Andean Argentina and Other Arid Regions. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. April 11, 2012.

Zeanah, David

2012

Diesel and Damper: Disintensification among the Martu of Western Australia. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. March 20, 2012.

Yengoyan, Aram A.

2012

World’s Fairs and Exhibitionary Complex: Civilization and Culture (1851-1940). Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California. February 15, 2012.

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Senior Archaeologists

 

Experienced field archaeologists across a wide variety of specialties and interests.

 

Principal Investigators

 

Dedicated and creative project direction and scholarship.

 

Selected Citations

Far Western’s commitment to scientific research and outreach can be seen in a number of works. Below is a sample of Far Western’s numerous contributions to the field of archaeology, including: books; chapters; online publications; theses and dissertations; and a wide variety of regional, national, and international journals.

20192018201720162015201420132012201120102009200820072006 and prior

Hildebrandt, William R., Phil Kaijankoski, and Allika Ruby

2019

Middle Holocene Resource Intensification along the Southern California Coast: A View from Goleta Slough. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Contributions in Anthropology.

Moratto, Michael J., Jack Meyer, Shelly Davis-King, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Laurie Sylwester

2019

Further Thoughts on the Age of the Sylwester Clovis Point: A Response to Haynes. PaleoAmerica 4(4):264-266.

Schmitt, Dave N., Karen D. Lupo, Jean-Paul Ndanga, D. Craig Young, Christopher A. Kiahtipes, Guy T. Amaye and Lucien P. Nguerede

2019

An elusive record further exposed: additional excavations and chronometric data on human settlement in the northern Congo Basin rain forest, southern Central African Republic. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 54(1):55-74.

 

Hyde, David G.

In Press

Historical Anthropology of “San Francisco Sourdough:” A Technological Perspective. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers, University of California, Berkeley

Llano, Carina and Andrew Ugan

In Press

Alternative interpretations of intermediate and positive δ13C isotope signals in prehistoric human remains from southern Mendoza, Argentina: the role of CAM species consumption. Current Anthropology.

Byrd, Brian F., Shannon DeArmond, and Laurel Engbring

2018

Re-visualizing Indigenous Persistence during Colonization from the Perspective of Traditional Settlements in the San Francisco Bay-Delta Area. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 38(2): 163–190.

Eerkens, Jelmer, Shannon Tushingham; Korey J Brownstein; Ramona Garibay; Katherine Perez; Engel Murga; Philip Kaijankoski; Jeffrey S Rosenthal and David R Gang

2018

Dental Calculus as a Source of Ancient Alkaloids: Detection of Nicotine by LC-MS in Calculus Samples from the Americas. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 18:509-515.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Ruth V. Nichols, Katherine Perez, Engel Murga, Philip Kaijankoski, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Laurel Engbring, and Beth Shapiro

2018

Next Generation Sequencing of Neisseria meningitidis from Dental Calculus: A Probable Case of Meningococcal Disease in a Prehistoric Native Californian Burial from San Francisco Bay. Journal of Paleopathology, Vol. 22:173-180.

Fitzgerald, Richard, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Jelmer Eerkens, Dave Nicholson, and Howard J. Spero

2018

The Distribution of Olivella Grooved Rectangle Beads in the Far West. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 38(2):241-252.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, D. Craig Young, Kaely Colligan, and Laura Harold

2018

At the Vanishing Point: Environment and Prehistoric Land Use in the Black Rock Desert. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of National History, No. 103. New York City, New York.

Moratto, Michael J., Alan P. Garfinkel, Jon Erlandson, Alexander K. Rogers, Michael F. Rondeau, Jeffrey Rosenthal, Craig Skinner, Tim Carpenter, and Robert M. Yohe

2018

Environmental diversity and stable isotope variation in faunas: implications for human diet reconstruction in Argentine mid-latitude deserts.  Journal of Archaeological Science.

Rogers, A. K., and D. Duke

2018

An Innovative Method for Computing the Hydration Rate for the Browns Bench Obsidian Source. International Association for Obsidian Studies Bulletin 60:24-29.

Scheib, C. L., Hongjie Li, Tariq Desai, Vivian Link, Christopher Kendall, Genevieve Dewar, Peter William Griffith, Alexander Mörseburg, John R. Johnson, Amiee Potter, Susan L. Kerr, Phillip Endicott, John Lindo, Marc Haber, Yali Xue, Chris Tyler-Smith, Manjinder S. Sandhu, Joseph G. Lorenz, Tori D. Randall, Zuzana Faltyskova, Luca Pagani, Petr Danecek, Tamsin C. O’Connell, Patricia Martz, Alan S. Boraas, Brian F. Byrd, Alan Leventhal, Rosemary Cambra, Ronald Williamson, Louis Lesage, Brian Holguin, Ernestine Ygnacio-De Soto, JohnTommy Rosas, Mait Metspalu, Jay T. Stock, Andrea Manica, Aylwyn Scally, Daniel Wegmann, Ripan S. Malhi, Toomas Kivisild

2018

Ancient human parallel lineages within North America contributed to a coastal expansion. Science 360(6392): 1024-1027.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Paul Brandy

2018

Social Boundaries, Territoriality, and the Cultural Ecology of Artiodactyl Hunting in Prehistoric Central California. Quaternary International

 

 

Adolfo F. Gil, Lumila P. Menéndez, Juan P. Atencio, Eva A. Peralta, Gustavo A. Neme y Andrew Ugan

2017

Estrategias humanas, estabilidad, y cambio en la frontera agrícola sur americana.  Latin American Antiquity.

Byrd, Brian F. and Andrew N. Garrad

2017

The Upper and Epipaleolithic of the Azraq Basin Jordan. In Quaternary of the Levant: Environments, Climate Change and Humans, edited by Yehouda Enzel and Ofer Bar-Yosef, pp. 66-677. Cambridge University Press.

Giampoudakis, Konstantinos, Katherine A. Marske, Michael K. Borregaard, Andrew Ugan, Joy S. Singarayer, Paul J. Valdes, Carsten Rahbek, and David Nogués-Bravo

2017

Niche dynamics of Paleolithic modern humans during the settlement of the Palaearctic.  Global Ecology and Biogeography 26(3): 359-370.

Jones, T.L., D.A. Jones, K.W. Gobalet, J.F. Porcasi, and W.R. Hildebrandt

2017

The Morro Bay Fauna: Evidence for a Medieval Droughts Refugium on the Central California Coast. American Antiquity 82(2):203-222. 

McGuire, Kelly R., and Nathan Stevens

2017

The Potential Role of Geophytes, Digging Sticks, and Formed Flake Tools in the Western North American Paleoarchaic Expansion. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology  37(1):3-21.

McGuire, Kelly, and William Hildebrandt

2017

Style, identity, and resource competition on the border: The incised stones of the Sacramento River Canyon. Quaternary International, Quaternary International.

Moratto, Michael J., Owen K. Davis, Shelly Davis-King, Jack Meyer, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Laurie Sylwester

2017

A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California. PaleoAmerica, 3(3):260-275.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., Jack Meyer, Manuel R. Palacios-Fest, D. Craig Young, Andrew Ugan, Brian F. Byrd, Ken Gobalet, and Jason Giacomo

2017

Paleohydrology of China Lake Basin and the Context of Early Human Occupation in the Northwestern Mojave Desert, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews 167:112-139.

Stevens, Nathan,  Adrian Whitaker, and Jeffrey Rosenthal

2017

Bedrock Mortars as Indicators of Territorial Behavior in the Sierra Nevada. Quaternary International (published online December 2017).

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Paul Brandy

2017

Social Boundaries, Territoriality, and the Cultural Ecology of Artiodactyl Hunting in Prehistoric Central California. Quaternary International (published online December 2017).

Young, D.C. and W.R. Hildebrandt 

2017

Tufa Village (Nevada): Placing the Fort Sage Drift Fence in a Larger Archaeological Context. American Museum of Natural History Anthropological Papers, Number 102.

 

Byrd, Brian F. and Jeffrey Rosenthal

2016

Celebrating the Dead and Recrafting Social Identity: Placing Prehistoric Mortuary Practices in Broader Social Context. Chapter 11 In Archaeological Variability and Interpretation in Global Perspective edited by Alan R. Sullivan III and Debroah I. Olszewski pp.233-266. University Press of Colorado.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Eric Bartelink, Richard Fitzgerald, Laura Brink, Ramona Garibay, Gina Jorgenseon, and Randy Wiberg

2016

Trophy Heads or Ancestor Veneration? A Stable Isotope Perspective on Disassociated and Modified Crania in Pre-Contact Central California. American Antiquity 81(1):114-131.

Hildebrandt, William R., Kelly R. McGuire, Jerome King, Allika Ruby, and D. Craig Young

2016

Prehistory of Nevada’s Northern Tier: Archaeological Investigations along the Ruby Pipeline Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, No. 101.

Byerly, Ryan, and Joanna Roberson

2015

Late Pleistocene to Middle Holocene Archaeology in the Mojave Desert: Recent Discoveries in Twentynine Palms, California. PaleoAmerica 1(2):197-201.

Byerly, Ryan, Joanna Roberson, and Charles P. Egeland

2015

The Coffin Bison Kill (5JA7): Bridging Perspectives on the Past at the Door to North Park, Colorado. North American Archaeologist 36:266-288.

Byrd, Brian F., and Adrian R. Whitaker

2015

Prehistoric Settlement Trends on San Clemente and San Nicolas Islands, Alta California. California Archaeology 7(1):1-32.

Byrd, Brian F., Andrew Garrard, and Paul Brandy

2015

Modeling Foraging Ranges and Spatial Organization of Late Pleistocene Hunter-gatherers in the Southern Levant—A Least-cost GIS Approach. Quaternary International.

Colligan, Kaely R., Adrian R. Whitaker, William R. Hildebrandt

2015

Where the Pavement Ends: An Assessment of the Near Absence of Haliotis refescens in the Archaeological Record on Alta California’s North Coast. California Archaeology 7(1):33-57.

Duke, Daron

2015

Haskett Spear Weaponry and Protein-Residue Evidence of Proboscidean Hunting in the Great Salt Lake Desert, Utah. PaleoAmerica 1(1):109-112.

Johnson, Lisa M., James Crandall, and Lucas R. Martindale Johnson

2015

From Vision to Cosmovision: Memory and the Senses in the Creation of Maya Ritual Space. Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 31(1):73–82

Lupo, Karen D., Dave N. Schmitt, Christopher A. Kiatipes, Jean-Paul Ndanga, D. Craig Young, and Bernard Smiti

2015

On Intensive Late Holocene Iron Mining and Production in the Northern Congo Basin and the Environmental Consequences Associated with Metallurgy in Central Africa. PLoS ONE 10(7):e0132632; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132632

Madsen, David B., Charles G. Oviatt, D. Craig Young, and David Page

2015

Old River Bed Delta Geomorphology and Chronology. In Anthropological Papers Number 128, edied by David B. Madsen, Dave N. Schmitt, and David Page, pp. 30-60. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Marino, Marc D., Lucas R. Martindale Johnson, and Nathan J. Meissner

2015

Chapter 13: Postclassic Tool Production at Santa Rita Corozal: Implications for Domestic Craft Production and Regional Exchange of Flaked Stone. In Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay, edited by Debra S. Walker. University of Florida Press, Gainsville, Florida.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R., Maureen Carpenter, Arlen F. Chase, and Diane Z. Chase

2015

Articulating with the Broader Economy: Chert Pressure Blade Technology in Caracol Residential Group. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 12:77–87.

Byrd, Brian F. (with a contribution by David S. Reese)

2014

The Late Pleistocene Occupation of Madamagh Rockshelter, Southern Jordan: New Data and Perspectives on an Old Excavation. In Settlement, Survey and Stone: Essays on Near Eastern Prehistory in Honour of Gary Rollefson, pp. 37-52, edited by B. Finlayson and C. Makarewicz. Berlin, ex oriente.

Codding, Brian, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Doug Bird

2014

Global Patterns in the Exploitation of Shellfish. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):145-149.

Duke, Daron, and Jerome H. King

2014

A GIS Model for Predicting Wetland Habitat in the Great Basin at the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition and Implications for Paleoindian Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:276-291.

Egeland, Charles P., Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Christopher M. Nicholson, A. Petrosyan, R. Ghukasyan, and Ryan Byerly

2014

Reconnaissance Survey for Paleolithic Sites in the Debed River Valley, Northern Armenia. Journal of Field Archaeology 39(4):370-386.

Hockett, Bryan S., William R. Hildebrandt, and Jerome H. King

2014

Identifying Dart and Arrow Points in the Great Basin: Comment on Smith et al.’s “Points in Time: Direct Radiocarbon Dates on Great Basin Projectile Points.” American Antiquity 79:561-565.

Martindale Johnson, Lucas R.

2014

Standardized Lithic Technology and Crafting at the “Gateway Group” from Caracol, Belize: Implications for Maya Household Archaeology. Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 11:91–87.

Rogers, Alexander K., and Daron Duke

2014

Unreliability of the Induced Obsidian Hydration Method with Abbreviated Hot-soak Protocols. Journal of Archaeological Science  52:428-435.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2014

Social Circumscription, Territoriality, and the Late Holocene Intensification of Small-Bodied Shellfish along the California Coast. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(2):150-168.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jeffrey R. Rosenthal, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2014

The Holocene Biogeography of Gray Pine (Pinus sabiniana Dougl.) in California. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23(6):683-692.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Shannon Tushingham

2014

A Quantitative Assessment of Ethnographically Identified Activity Areas at the Point Saint George Site (CA-DNO-11) and the Validity of Ethnographic Analogy. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 34(1):1-15.

Byrd, Brian F., A. Cornellas, Jelmer W. Eerkens, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Timothy R. Carpenter, A. Leventhal, and J. A. Leonard

2013

The Role of Canids in Ritual and Domestic Contexts: New Ancient DNA Insights from Complex Hunter-Gatherer Sites in Prehistoric Central California. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2176-2189.

Duke, Daron

2013

The Exploded Fine-Grained Volcanic Sources of the Desert West and the Primacy of Tool Function in Material Selection. In George H. Odell Memorial Issue, North American Archaeologist 34(4):323-354.

Garrard, Andrew N, and Brian F. Byrd

2013

Beyond the Fertile Crescent: Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic Communities of the Jordaniean Steppe. The Axraq Basin Project Volume I: Project Background and the Late Palaeolithic (Geological Context and Technology). Council for the British Research in the Levant Supplemental Series Vol. 13. Oxbox Books, Oxford.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Brian F. Byrd, Anna Fritschi, and Howard J. Spero

2013

Settlement Pattern and Site Seasonality Reconstruction at Two Late Holocene Shell Middens on San Francisco Bay. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2014-2024.

Hockett, Bryan S., C. Cliff Creger, Beth Smith, D. Craig Young, James A. Carter, Eric Dillingham, Rachel Crews, and Evan Pellegrini

2013

Large-scale Trapping Features from the Great Basin, USA: The Significance of Leadership and Communal Gatherings in Ancient Foraging Societies. Quaternary International 297:64-78.

Mikkelsen, Patricia

2013

Temporal Components. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 27:149-161.

Whelan, Carly, Adrian R. Whitaker, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2013

Hunter-Gatherer Storage, Settlement, and the Opportunity Costs of Women’s Foraging. American Antiquity 78:662-678.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Jerome H. King

2012

Distinguishing Between Darts and Arrows in the Archaeological Record: Implications for Technological Change in the American West. American Antiquity 77:789-799.

Whittaker, Adrian R., and Brian F. Byrd

2012

Boat-Based Foraging and Discontinuous Prehistoric Red Abalone Exploitation along the California Coast. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 31:196-214.

Whitaker, Adrian R., and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2012

Economic Foraging at a Distance Is Not a Question of If but When: A Response to Grimstead. American Antiquity 77:160-167.

Egeland, Charles. P., Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Ryan M. Byerly, Christopher M. Nicholson, and Diana Zardayan

2011

Multiperiod Archaeological Reconnaissance in the Debed River Valley, North-Eastern Armenia. Antiquity 85(329).

Waechter, Sharon A., and Tammara Ekness Norton

2011

Looking for Pieces of the Puzzle. Far Western Anthropological Research Group, Inc., Davis, California.

Byrd, Brian F.

2010

Public and Private, Domestic and Corporate: The Emergence of the Southwest Asian Village. The Archaeology of Tribal Social Formations: Selections from American Antiquity, edited by Michelle Hegmon, pp. 109-136.

Byrd, Brian F., D. Craig Young, and Kelly R. McGuire

2010

Pavement Quarries, Gypsum Period Residential Stability, and Trans-Holocene Settlement Systems of the Mojave Desert: A Case Study at Fort Irwin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 29(2):121-144.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Nathan E. Stevens, Amanda Cannon, Eric L. Brown, and Howard J. Spero

2010

Stable Isotope Analysis of Olivella Shell Beads from the Los Angeles Basin and San Nicholas Island. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5:105-119.

Hildebrandt, William R., Kelly R. McGuire, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2010

Human Behavioral Ecology and Historical Contingency: A Comment on the Diablo Canyon Archaeological Record. American Antiquity 75:679-688.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2010

Prehistoric Behavioral Depression of Cormorant (Phalacrocorax spp.) on the Northern California Coast. Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2562-2571.

2010

Review of California Maritime Archaeology: A San Clemente Island Perspective, L. Mark, Raab, Jim Cassidy, Andrew Yatsko, and William J. Howard. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5:294-295.

Byrd, Brian F., D. Craig Young, and Kelly R. McGuire

2009

Pavement Quarries, Gypsum Period Residential Stability, and Trans-Holocene Settlement Systems of the Mojave Desert: A Case Study at Fort Irwin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 29(2):121-143.

Byrn, Stephen, and Brian F. Byrd

2009

Mound Occupation in the South San Francisco Bay Area: The Yñigo Mound in Historical Context. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 1:82-88.

Eliyahu-Behar, Adi, Lior Regev, Sana Shilstein, Steve Weiner, Yiftah Shalev, Ilan Sharon, and John E. Berg

2009

Identifying a Roman Casting Pit at Tel Dor, Israel: Integrating Field and Laboratory Research. Journal of Field Archaeology 34(2):135-151.

Gilreath, Amy J.

2009

Gypsum Cave Revisited. Mini-report in In Situ 13(1). Newsletter of the Nevada Archaeological Association.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2009

Review of California Indians and Their Environment: An Introduction, Kent G. Lightfoot and Otis Parrish. California Archaeology 1(2):293-295.

Hildebrandt, William R., Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Glenn Gmoser

2009

Shellfish Transport, Caloric Return Rates, and Prehistoric Feasting on the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Alta California. California Archaeology 1:55-78.

Montero, Carie S., and Jerome King

2009

TEA GIS Database. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 22.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey, and Jack Meyer

2009

TEA Geoarchaeological Study–the Potential for Buried Archaeological Sites in Central California Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 22.

Stevens, Nathan E., Jelmer W. Eerkens, Richard Fitzgerald, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Joanne E. Goodsell, and Jamie Doty

2009

Workaday Windmiller: Another Look at Early Horizon Lifeways in Central California Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 23.

Tankersley, Kenneth B., Brian Lane, Dean J. Wells, Christine Hamburg, and Andras Nagy

2009

Last Glacial Maximum Fauna from Great Saltpeter Cave, Kentucky. In Paleoenvironments: Vertebrates and Invertebrates. Current Research in the Pleistocene 26:177-180.

Waechter, Sharon A., and William W. Bloomer

2009

Tahoe Reach Revisited: The Latest Pleistocene/Early Holocene in the Tahoe Sierra. Proceedings of the California Society for California Archaeology 23.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2009

Are Deer Really Susceptible to Resource Depression? Modeling Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Populations under Human Predation. California Archaeology 1:93-108.

Gilreath, Amy J., and William R. Hildebrandt

2008

Coso Rock Art within its Archaeological Context. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 28(1):1-22.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2008

Review of Foragers of the Terminal Pleistocene in North America, edited by Renee B. Walker and Boyce N. Driskell. Journal of Field Archaeology 33:243-246.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2008

Incipient Aquaculture in Prehistoric California?: Long-Term Productivity and Sustainability vs. Immediate Returns for the Harvest of Marine Invertebrates. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4):1124-1123.

Whitaker, Adrian R., Jelmer E. Eerkens, Amy M. Spurling, Eddie D. Smith, Michelle A. Degras

2008

Linguistic Boundaries as Barriers to Exchange in Northwestern California. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4):1104-1113.

Berna, Francesco, Adi Behar, Ruth Shahack-Gross, John E. Berg, Elisabetta Boaretto, Ayelet Gilboa, Ilan Sharon, Yiftah Shalev, Sariel Shilstein, Naama Yahalom-Mack, Jeffrey R. Zorn, and Steve Weiner

2007

Sediments Exposed to High Temperatures: Reconstructing Pyrotechnological Processes in Late Bronze and Iron Age Strata at Tel Dor (Israel). Journal of Archaeological Science 34(3):358-373.

Byerly, Ryan M.

2007

Paleopathology in Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Central Plains Bison: Dental Enamel Hypoplasia, Fluoride Toxicosis and the Archaeological Record. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(11):1847-1858.

Byerly, Ryan M., Judith R. Cooper, David J. Meltzer, Matthew E. Hill, and Jason M. LaBelle

2007

A Further Assessment of Paleoindian Site-Use at Bonfire Shelter. American Antiquity 72(7):373-381.

Duke, Daron, Timothy R. Carpenter, and David Page

2007

New Obsidian Hydration Findings Suggest the Use of Split-Stem Points by Great Basin Paleoindians. Current Research in the Pleistocene 24:80-82.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jeffrey R. Ferguson, Michael D. Glascock, Craig E. Skinner, and Sharon A. Waechter

2007

Reduction Strategies and Geochemical Characterization of Lithic Assemblages: A Comparison of Three Case Studies from Western North America. American Antiquity 72(3):585-597.

Eerkens, Jelmer, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, D. Craig Young, and Jerome H. King

2007

Early Holocene Landscape Archaeology in the Coso Basin, Northwestern Mojave Desert, California. North American Archaeologist 28(2):87-112.

Hildebrandt, William R.

2007

California Archaeology: Alive and Well. A Review of California Prehistory: Colonization, Culture, and Complexity, edited by Terry L. Jones and Kathryn A. Klar. American Antiquity 72(2):382-388.

McGuire, Kelly R., William R. Hildebrandt, and Kimberley L. Carpenter

2007

Costly Signaling and the Ascendance of No-Can-Do Archaeology: A Reply to Codding and Jones. American Antiquity 72(2):358-365.

Byrd, Brian F., and Stan Berryman

2006

Approaching Prehistory in the Future on MCB Camp Pendleton, Southern California. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:229-232.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2006

Prehistoric Pinyon Exploitation in the Southwest Great Basin: A View from the Coso Range. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 26(1):11-32.

Joslin, Terry L., Laura Leach-Palm, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2006

Prehistoric Plant Use in the Cuyama Valley: The Importance of Small Sites Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:168-172.

Meltzer, David J., John D. Seebach, and Ryan M. Byerly

2006

The Hot Tubb Folsom-Midland Site (41CR10), Texas. Plains Anthropologist 51(198):157-184.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2006

Excavations at CA-MNT-238, at Kirk Creek on the Big Sur Coast. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:220-228.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey

2006

When is an Olivella Bead? Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 19:128-131.

Whitaker, Adrian R.

2006

Comment on “Ahead of the Game: Middle and Upper Palaeolithic Hunting Behaviors in the Southern Caucasus” by DS Adler et al. Current Anthropology 47(1):110.

 

Byerly, Ryan M., and David J. Meltzer

2005

Historic Period Faunal Remains from Mustang Springs on the Southern High Plains of West Texas. Plains Anthropologist 50(194):93-110.

Byerly, Ryan M., Judith R. Cooper, David J. Meltzer, Matthew E. Hill, and Jason M. LaBelle

2005

On Bonfire Shelter as a Paleoindian Bison Jump: An Assessment using GIS and Zooarchaeology. American Antiquity 70(4):595-629.

Byrd, Brian F.

2005

Early Village Life at Beidha, Jordan: Neolithic Spatial Organization and Vernacular Architecture. British Academy Monographs in Archaeology 12. Published for the Council for British Research in the Levant by Oxford University Press. ISBN 01972013-1.

2005

Reassessing the Emergence of Village Life in the Near East. Journal of Archaeological Research 13:231-290.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Gregory S. Herbert, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, and Howard J. Spero

2005

Provenance Analysis of Olivella biplicata Shell Beads from the California and Oregon Coast by Stable Isotope Fingerprinting. Journal of Archaeological Science 32:1501-1514.

Egeand, Charles P., and Ryan M. Byerly

2005

Application of Return Rates to Large Mammal Butchery and Transport among Hunter-Gatherers and its Implications for Plio-Pleistocene Hominid Carcass Foraging and Site Use. Journal of Taphonomy 3(3):135-158.

McGuire, Kelly R., and William R. Hildebrandt

2005

Re-Thinking Great Basin Foragers: Prestige Hunting and Costly Signaling During the Middle Archaic Period. American Antiquity 70(4):695-712.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, Deborah Jones, Jeffrey Rosenthal, and Robert Gibson

2005

Thirty Years After: 1974 Excavations at Kirk Creek, CA-MNT-238, on the Big Sur Coast. Occasional Paper No. 18, San Luis Obispo County Archaeological Society San Luis Obispo, California.

Ruby, Allika

2005

Itinerant Industry: Nineteenth-century Charcoal Production in the Coso Mountains. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 18:176-180.

Slaughter, Mark C., Daron Duke, and Renee Kolvet

2005

Rockshelter Roof Sticks of Southern Nevada. Nevada Archaeologist 20&21:85-88.

Waechter, Sharon A.

2005

Late-Period Resource Intensification in Sierra Valley, Eastern Plumas County: A Response to the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology 18:45-52.

Wohlgemuth, Eric

2005

The Medieval Climatic Anomaly and Central Sierra Foothill Prehistory. Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology. 18:307-311.

 

Duke, Daron, D. Craig Young, and James A. Carter

2004

A Unique Example of Early Technology and Land Use in the Eastern Great Basin. Current Research in the Pleistocene 21:32-34.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2004

Are Obsidian Subsources Meaningful Units of Analysis?: Temporal and Spatial Patterning of Subsources in the Coso Volcanic Field, Southeastern California. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:21-29.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., Jerome H. King, and Eric Wohlgemuth

2004

The Prehistoric Development of Intensive Green-Cone Piñon Processing in Eastern California. Journal of Field Archaeology 29:17-27.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Allika Ruby

2004

Archaeological Discovery of Two Wooden Bows from the Coso Range, Inyo County, California. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 24(2):183-192.

King, Jerome

2004

Re-Examining Coso Obsidian Hydration Rates. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 14:135-142.

Meyer, Jack

2004

Featured Research: Recent Developments in California Geoarchaeology. The Geological Society of America Newsletter of the Archaeological Geology Division 26(2):5.

 

Brewster, A., B. F. Byrd, S. N. Reddy

2003

Cultural Landscapes of Coastal Foragers: An example of GIS and Drainage Catchment Analysis from Southern California. Journal of GIS in Archaeology 1:48-60.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2003

Large Game Hunting, Gender-Differentiated Work Organization, and the Role of Evolutionary Ecology in California and Great Basin Prehistory: A Reply to Broughton and Bayham. American Antiquity 68(4):790-792.

 

Broughton, Jack M., Dominique Rampton, and Kimberley L. Holanda

2002

A Test of an Osteologically-Based Age Determination Method in the Double-Crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus). Ibis 144:143-146.

Byrd, B. F., and S. N. Reddy

2002

Late Holocene Adaptations along the Northern San Diego Coastline: New Perspectives on Old Paradigms In Catalysts to Complexity: Late Holocene of the California Coast, edited by J. Erlandson and T. L. Jones, pp. 41-62. UCLA Press.

Eerkens, Jelmer W., and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

2002

Transition from Geophyte to Seed Processing: Evidence for Intensification from Thermal Features near China Lake, Northern Mojave Desert. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 38, Nos. 2 & 3:19-36.

Fitzgerald, Richard T., Jr., and William R. Hildebrandt

2002

Will the True Age of the Borax Lake Pattern Please Stand Up? The Archaeology of CA-HUM-573, an Early Holocene Site on the South End of Pilot Ridge, Humboldt County, California. Society for California Archaeology Proceedings 15:1-7.

Hildebrandt, William R., and Kelly R. McGuire

2002

The Ascendance of Hunting during the California Middle Archaic: An Evolutionary Perspective. American Antiquity 67(2):231-256.

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

2002

Projectile Point Typology and Chronology in the North Central Sierra Nevada. North American Archaeologist 23(2):157-183.

Sharon, Ilan, John E. Berg, and B. Zilberstein

2002

The Water Supply System at Roman Dor. The Aqueducts of Israel. Journal of Roman Archaeology, The Aqueducts of Israel, Supplement 46, edited by D. Amit, Y. Hirschfeld, and Y. Patrich.

 

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., and Jack Meyer

2001

A Middle Holocene Olivella Wall-Bead Assemblage from Central California. Society for California Archaeology Newsletter 34(4).

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S., William R. Hildebrandt, and Jerome H. King

2001

Donax Don’t Tell: Reassessing Late Holocene Land Use in Northern San Diego CountyJournal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 23(2):179-214.

 

Byrd, Brian F.

2000

Households in Transition: Neolithic Social Organization within Southwest Asia. In Life in Neolithic Farming Communities: Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation, edited by Ian Kuijt, pp. 63-98. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.

Gilreath, Amy J.

2000

Review of Glen Canyon: An Archaeological Summary by Jesse D. Jennings. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 22(1):164-166.

Mikkelsen, Patricia, William Hildebrandt, and Deborah Jones

2000

Prehistoric Adaptations on the Shores of Morro Bay Estuary: A Report on Excavations at Site CA-SLO-165, Morro Bay, California. San Luis Obispo Archaeological Society Publications.