Lincoln County, Nevada has a truly one-of-a-kind, ongoing program—the Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative (LCAI)—that supports important studies on the prehistory and archaeology of the county. This program was funded through the sale of public lands by the Bureau of Land Management and approved under an inter-agency partnership authorized by the Lincoln County Land Act.
Far Western has submitted successful proposals for several of these studies. Two in particular were aimed at increasing our understanding of the unique Fremont cultural expression in Lincoln County. By examining archaeological site distributions and artifact assemblages in Meadow Valley Wash and Pahranagat Valley, we were able to create a temporal framework for the obsidian and ceramic procurement, production, and conveyance systems in southeastern Nevada, along the western frontier of the Fremont Complex.
We also developed a study of hydration rates for geochemically distinct obsidian sources found in Lincoln County. This work included extensive background research and fieldwork to collect projectile points and radiocarbon-paired obsidian rim values to generate provisional hydration rates for four of the seven known geochemically distinct obsidian sources in the county. These data, together with the Fremont studies, allowed Far Western to develop a model for prehistoric land use in Lincoln County.
For public outreach, Far Western produced a 27-page booklet entitled Cultural History of Southern Nevada with a Focus on Lincoln County that serves as a primer for archaeologists and other cultural resources specialists preparing for broadcast or print interviews. We also prepared a lecture and slide show for presentation to the public, and a 30-second Public Service Announcement (PSA) for broadcast on local radio stations. As part of this effort we contacted news outlets and arranged for interviews, lectures, and the broadcast of the PSA.
Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative Public Service Announcement